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Our goal was to investigate associations between the status of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and electrogastrogram (EGG) parameters, gastric emptying and symptoms in a large cohort of patients with gastroparesis. Forty-one patients with refractory gastroparesis who were referred for gastric electrical stimulation (GES) underwent full thickness gastric(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the long-term efficacy of high-frequency gastric electrical stimulation (GES) for treating diabetic gastroparesis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This is a retrospective review of 48 adult diabetic patients with refractory gastroparesis who had a GES system implanted surgically and had follow-up evaluations at 6 and 12 months. The(More)
The aims were to determine symptom responses and long-term outcomes in gastroparetic patients receiving gastric electrical stimulation (GES) therapy beyond 3 years by presenting per protocol analysis and intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis. Data collected at baseline, 1 year and beyond 3 years in 55 patients included total symptom scores (TSS), nutritional(More)
This clinical review on the treatment of patients with gastroparesis is a consensus document developed by the American Motility Society Task Force on Gastroparesis. It is a multidisciplinary effort with input from gastroenterologists and other specialists who are involved in the care of patients with gastroparesis. To provide practical guidelines for(More)
The effects of semi-annual and 3.5 yr mean ozone (O3) concentrations on children's forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) were assessed over a study period of 3.5 yrs in 2,153 schoolchildren from 15 study sites in South Western Germany and Lower Austria. Spirometric parameters were assessed twice a year, and(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on gastric myoelectric activity (GMA) and to identify possible mechanisms that could help explain how high-frequency GES is effective in treating nausea and vomiting associated with gastroparesis. Fifteen gastroparetic patients who received high-frequency GES were(More)
There is a general consensus that short term exposure to ozone (O3) causes a decrease in lung function parameters such as forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). The objective of this study was to assess the reproducibility of lung function decrements after ambient O3 exposure over a two-summer period. The authors(More)
The aims were to investigate the effects of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on autonomic function, gastric distention and tone, and central control mechanisms in gastroparetic patients. Ten gastroparetic patients refractory to standard medical therapy participated in this study and data were collected at baseline, within two weeks before surgery for(More)
BACKGROUND Our primary goals were to investigate the effects of two-channel gastric pacing on gastric myoelectrical activity, and energy consumption with the secondary intent to monitor gastric emptying and symptoms in patients with severe diabetic gastroparesis. METHODS Four pairs of temporary pacing wires were inserted on the serosa of the stomach at(More)
To investigate whether there is an association between gastric emptying rate and symptom improvement in gastroparetic patients treated with gastric electrical stimulation (GES), we retrospectively reviewed 63 gastroparetic patients who received GES therapy for at least 1 year. Patient characteristics, seven upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and 4-h(More)