Jamesina J. Simpson

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[1] A McDonnell-Douglas DC-8 NASA research aircraft inadvertently flew into an airborne volcanic ash plume from the 26 February 2000 eruption of Hekla Volcano. Filter samples from the aircraft were compared with ''normal use'' and ''pristine clean'' filters using SEM, energy-dispersive x-ray spectrometer, and Nicolet FTIR spectrophotometer analyses. These(More)
—This paper reports the application of an efficient finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) algorithm to model impulsive extremely low frequency (ELF) propagation within the entire Earth-ionosphere cavity. Periodic boundary conditions are used in conjunction with a three-dimensional latitude-longitude FDTD space lattice which wraps around the complete(More)
—This letter reports the initial application of the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method to model extremely low-frequency (ELF) propagation around the entire Earth. Periodic boundary conditions are used in conjunction with a variable-cell two-dimensional TM FDTD grid, which wraps around the complete Earth sphere. The model is verified by numerical(More)
—This paper reports the first application of an optimized geodesic, three-dimensional (3-D) finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) grid to model impulsive, extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic wave propagation within the entire Earth-ionosphere cavity. This new model, which complements our previously reported efficient 3-D latitude-longitude grid, is(More)
[1] We report what we believe to be the first three-dimensional computational solution of the full-vector Maxwell's equations for hypothesized pre-seismic electromagnetic phenomena propagated within the entire Earth-ionosphere cavity. Periodic boundary conditions are used in conjunction with a variable-cell finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) space lattice(More)
—This letter proposes a novel extremely low frequency (ELF) radar for major oil deposits. Using our recently developed whole-Earth electromagnetic wave propagation model based upon the finite-difference time-domain method, we have determined that detection of the radial (vertical) component of the scattered-field provides a sensitive means to detect oil(More)
—This letter reports the initial application of a geodesic finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) grid to model impulsive extremely low frequency electromagnetic wave propagation about the Earth sphere. The two-dimensional transverse-magnetic grid is comprised entirely of hexagonal cells, except for a small fixed number of pentagonal cells needed for grid(More)
—This letter proposes a novel extremely low frequency (ELF) radar for localized D-region (altitude < 95 km) ionospheric anomalies that have been generated by natural geophysical processes. The proposed system would use the former U.S. Navy Wisconsin Transmitting Facility as a distant well-characterized impulsive ELF source. Sample calculations that(More)
Advances in computing technologies in recent decades have provided a means of generating and performing highly sophisticated computational simulations of electromagnetic phenomena. In particular, just after the turn of the twenty-first century, improvements to computing infrastructures provided for the first time the opportunity to conduct advanced,(More)
—This paper reports an experimental and computational study of substrate integrated waveguides (SIWs) optimized for use as ultrahigh-speed bandpass waveguiding digital interconnects. The novelty of this study resides in our successful design, fabrication, and testing of low-loss SIWs that achieve 100% relative bandwidths via optimal excitation of the(More)