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Evaluation of the discriminative stimulus effects of drugs is a useful procedure for identification of receptor mediation of in vivo drug effects. This assay can be enhanced when the stimulus effects of different doses of agonist are evaluated. In the present study, rats were trained to discriminate small or large doses of nicotine from saline, and(More)
The binding parameters of radiolabeled DAMGO (mu), DPDPE and pCl-DPDPE (delta) and 5 alpha, 7 alpha, 8 beta-N-methyl-N-[7-(1- pyrrolidinyl)-1-oxaspiro(4,5)dec-8-yl]benzeneacetamide (also known as U69593, kappa) and the affinity and selectivity profiles of various opioid agonists and antagonists at the three opioid receptor types were determined in membranes(More)
The effects of self-administered 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) on behavior and neurochemistry have not been previously studied in laboratory primates. We investigated the capacity of MDMA and its enantiomers to maintain contingent responding over an extended duration, whether any decrements in the reinforcing effects of these compounds would be(More)
A specific role for the dopamine D3 receptor in behavior has yet to be elucidated. We now report that dopamine D2/D3 agonists elicit dose-dependent yawning behavior in rats, resulting in an inverted U-shaped dose-response curve. A series of experiments was directed toward the hypothesis that the induction of yawning is a D3 receptor-mediated effect, whereas(More)
Naltrexone (NTX) exhibited approximately 3-fold higher affinity for sites labeled by [3H]U69,593 (putative kappa 1-selective ligand) than [3H]bremazocine (non-selective ligand) in the presence of mu and delta receptor blockade in monkey brain membranes. This led us to test an hypothesis that NTX could display in vivo antagonist selectivity for kappa(More)
The present study examined the effect of drug and reinforcement history on quinpirole-maintained responding in rats. Quinpirole (0.01, 0.032, or 0.1 mg/kg per injection) was assessed as a reinforcer in experimentally naive rats, as well as in rats trained to self-administer cocaine, remifentanil, ketamine, or food under a fixed ratio 1 schedule of(More)
1-Benzylpiperazine (BZP) and 1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine (TFMPP) are two designer drugs that are often sold in combination tablets via the internet. The discriminative stimulus properties and reinforcing effects of these compounds have not previously been assessed in laboratory primates. In this regard, the reinforcing effects of BZP and TFMPP(More)
Rhesus monkeys were conditioned to press on levers and receive intravenous infusions of cocaine or ketamine. Experimental conditions provided several different doses of drug during each of two daily 130 min sessions; as a result, a dose-response curve relating rate of responding to dose/injection for self-administered drug was obtained within each session.(More)
RATIONALE Few studies have directly compared the effects of methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") and its enantiomers across measures. OBJECTIVES To investigate the capacity of MDMA and its stereoisomers to produce aggregate toxicity in mice, the influence of 5-HT(2) receptors, 5-HT transporters, and ambient temperature on this effect, and to(More)
The role of duration of action on the relative reinforcing effects of three opioid drugs (fentanyl, alfentanil, and remifentanil) was evaluated. Duration and onset of action were determined using measures of respiratory depression and antinociception after i.v. administration. Effects on minute volume of respiration indicated that each of the three opioids(More)