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The binding parameters of radiolabeled DAMGO (mu), DPDPE and pCl-DPDPE (delta) and 5 alpha, 7 alpha, 8 beta-N-methyl-N-[7-(1- pyrrolidinyl)-1-oxaspiro(4,5)dec-8-yl]benzeneacetamide (also known as U69593, kappa) and the affinity and selectivity profiles of various opioid agonists and antagonists at the three opioid receptor types were determined in membranes(More)
Naltrexone (NTX) exhibited approximately 3-fold higher affinity for sites labeled by [3H]U69,593 (putative kappa 1-selective ligand) than [3H]bremazocine (non-selective ligand) in the presence of mu and delta receptor blockade in monkey brain membranes. This led us to test an hypothesis that NTX could display in vivo antagonist selectivity for kappa(More)
Rationale: The reinforcing effects of MDMA and its enantiomers have not been extensively characterized in laboratory animals. Objectives: To investigate whether MDMA and its stereoisomers would be self-administered intravenously by rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta), and to assess the effects of serotonin2 receptor antagonists on MDMA-maintained responding.(More)
A specific role for the dopamine D3 receptor in behavior has yet to be elucidated. We now report that dopamine D2/D3 agonists elicit dose-dependent yawning behavior in rats, resulting in an inverted U-shaped dose-response curve. A series of experiments was directed toward the hypothesis that the induction of yawning is a D3 receptor-mediated effect, whereas(More)
Rhesus monkeys were trained to respond under a fixed-ratio 30 schedule of food reinforcement. The mu opioid agonists alfentanil and fentanyl, the kappa opioid agonists ethylketocyclazocine (EKC) and U69,593, the delta opioid agonist BW373U86 [(+-)-4-((R*)-a-((2S*5R*)-4-allyl-2,5-dimethyl-1-piperazinal)-3-h ydroxy- benzyl)-N,N-diethylbenzamide(More)
The effects of the kappa agonists bremazocine, ethylketazocine, tifluadom and U-50,488 were examined in rhesus monkeys with four experimental procedures: urinary output was measured in normally hydrated monkeys; muscle relaxation and stupor were observed; and the time it took monkeys to withdraw their tails from warm water was evaluated. Lastly, the kappa(More)
The apparent in vivo dissociation constant (KA) and relative efficacy values for alfentanil, etonitazene, morphine, and nalbuphine were determined by comparing the effects of these agonists in the presence of buprenorphine with the effects of these agonists alone in the rhesus monkey tail-withdrawal procedure. Initial time course studies of buprenorphine(More)
The antinociceptive effects of the opioid agonists etonitazene and alfentanil, as well as the agonist/antagonists nalbuphine, [(1)-beta-2'-hydroxy-2,9-dimethyl-5-phenyl-6,7-benzomorphan (GPA 1657)] and profadol were studied in the warm water (48 degrees and 55 degrees C) tail-withdrawal assay in rhesus monkeys. Etonitazene and alfentanil produced(More)
The effects of subcutaneously administered nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI; 1.0 and 3.2 mg/kg) were examined in the warm-water (50 degrees C and 55 degrees C) tail-withdrawal assay in rhesus monkeys (n = 3). Nor-BNI alone produced variable antinociceptive effects in 50 degrees C water up to 3.5 hr after administration but was completely ineffective against the(More)
Pigeons were trained to discriminate i.m. injections of the atypical antipsychotic clozapine (1.0 mg/kg) from saline in a two-key operant procedure. In substitution tests, compounds that shared antagonistic action at 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)1C and 5-HT2 receptors produced discriminative stimulus effects similar to clozapine: cyproheptadine, metergoline,(More)