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CONTEXT High-risk alcohol consumption patterns, such as binge drinking and drinking before driving, and underage drinking may be linked to traffic crashes and violent assaults in community settings. OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of community-based environmental interventions in reducing the rate of high-risk drinking and alcohol-related motor vehicle(More)
The authors examined the relationship between low health literacy (LHL), limited English proficiency (LEP), and meeting current U.S. Preventive Service Task Force colorectal cancer (CRC) screening guidelines for Asians and Whites in California. For 1,478 Asian and 14,410 White respondents 50-75 years of age in the 2007 California Health Interview Survey,(More)
BACKGROUND The introduction of a new information retrieval system for the use of health service staff at a large tertiary referral hospital provided an excellent opportunity for nurses to make greater use of evidence to inform their practice. However, the extent to which nurses were able to access the resource was unknown. AIM The aim of the study was to(More)
The national death rates from rural trauma are disproportionately higher compared to urban areas. Traumatic brain injury is a major cause of hospital admissions in Hawai'i. This is the first in a two part series to explore this significant public health concern. Data on traumatic brain injuries from 2000-2004 was obtained from 2 sources. Male gender,(More)
BACKGROUND Poorly designed experiments and popular media have led to multiple myths about wound ballistics. Some of these myths have been incorporated into the trauma literature as fact and are included in Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS). We hypothesized that these erroneous beliefs would be prevalent, even among those providing care for patients with(More)
T his is a recommended management algorithm from the Western Trauma Association addressing the diagnostic evaluation and management of blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) in adult patients. Because there are no published prospective randomized clinical trials that have generated class I data, the recommendations herein are based on published observational(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous tracheostomy is a routine procedure in the intensive care unit (ICU). Some surgeons perform percutaneous tracheostomies using bronchoscopy believing that it increases safety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate percutaneous tracheostomy in the trauma population and to determine whether the use of a bronchoscope decreases the(More)
The purpose of this literature review is to explore the potential relationship between ethnicity and obesity, and obesity-related risks, with a particular emphasis on disparities between Asian and Pacific Islander populations. We conducted a comprehensive search of available medical literature related to the rise of obesity in the United States, factors(More)
Scalds are a leading cause of burn injury for young children. A focused prevention program was developed in the zip code accounting for the majority of scald burns. This study investigated the effect of the program. Families in the high-risk area were identified at clinics, community centers, and schools. Parent workshops and home visits were the(More)
A 20-year-old man was transferred to our institution with multiple penetrating thoracoabdominal wounds from a shotgun. Imaging revealed several retained shotgun pellets, 1 of which appeared to be located in the left atrium. He was asymptomatic from a cardiac standpoint and was first taken to the operating room to manage his multiple abdominal injuries.(More)