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Custom notification of new releases in your field of interest Special offers and discounts NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering , and the Institute of(More)
Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Table 1. Elements of a software design pattern (based on Gamma et al., 1994) 9 Table 2. Sample design pattern " Viewing real-world situations from a scientific perspective(More)
Large-scale testing of educational outcomes benefits already from technological applications that address logistics such as development, administration, and scoring of tests, as well as reporting of results. Innovative applications of technology also provide rich, authentic tasks that challenge the sorts of integrated knowledge, critical thinking, and(More)
The American Educational Research Association (AERA) is pleased to provide guidelines for reporting on empirical social science research in AERA publications. These guidelines apply to reports of education research grounded in the empirical traditions of the social sciences. They cover, but are not limited to, what are commonly called qualitative and(More)
The National Center for Learning and Teaching in Nanoscale Science and Engineering was established to conduct research on how to effectively introduce emergent sciences into K-16 classrooms, using nanoscale science and engineering (NSE) as an example. One of the NCLT's main goals is to develop an approach to map out the knowledge domains (constructs)(More)
are not sufficient. Understanding how to apply distributed knowledge and skills in real world and novel contexts therefore requires demonstrations via sophisticated, authentic performances adapting to complex situations, rather than traditional rote recall of a small amount of what experts comprehend and do in routine situations. ● Moving from a focus on(More)