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Spinal shock has been of interest to clinicians for over two centuries. Advances in our understanding of both the neurophysiology of the spinal cord and neuroplasticity following spinal cord injury have provided us with additional insight into the phenomena of spinal shock. In this review, we provide a historical background followed by a description of a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of sleep apnea in a sample of persons with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) of varying injury levels and degrees of impairment. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Inpatient SCI rehabilitation unit. PARTICIPANTS Twenty men with SCI (motor complete and incomplete; American Spinal Injury Association classes A-D)(More)
Fourteen Caucasian families with 81 affected individuals have been assessed in which polycystic ovaries/male pattern baldness (PCO/MPB) segregates as an autosomal dominant phenotype (1). The gene CYP17, coding for P450c17 alpha (17 alpha-hydroxylase; 17/20 lyase) on chromosome 10q24.3 is the rate-limiting step in androgen biosynthesis. We have identified a(More)
The prevalence of various manifestations of spasticity from questionnaire responses and from clinical examination of chronic spinal cord injured patients is reported. Extensor spasms, flexor withdrawal spasms, and clonus were reported by most subjects. Those with incomplete lesions reported more interference with activities, more pain, and less functional(More)
  • James W Little
  • 2006
The significant thyroid disorders that may be found in dental patients are presented in a series of 3 articles. This article (part I) deals with hyperthyroidism, part II with hypothyroidism and thyroiditis, and part III with neoplastic lesions of the thyroid. The signs and symptoms, laboratory tests used to diagnoses hyperthyroidism, and the medical(More)
  • James W Little
  • 2004
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) represent a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not considered to be part of conventional medicine. Biofeedback, acupuncture, herbal medication, massage, bioelectromagnetic therapy, meditation, and music therapy are examples of CAM treatments. Some dentists in the(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an important cardiovascular disorder of the peripheral arteries. Chronic infections, such as periodontitis, may play an important role in the etiology and pathophysiology of PAD and other cardiovascular conditions. Recently, Streptococcus mutans has been found with high frequency in atheromatous plaques. The(More)
The umbilicoplasty is a key component of abdominoplasty and closure of autologous abdominal wall donor sites in breast reconstruction (TRAM/DIEP). The aesthetically-pleasing umbilicus tends to be small and vertically-oriented in nature, with superior hooding and shadow, inferior retraction and slope, and positioning at the topmost level of the iliac crest.(More)
Functional cDNA clones for hamster neurokinin-2 receptor (NK-2R) were isolated from hamster urinary bladder using a polymerase chain reaction-based methodology. The hamster NK-2R consists of 384 amino acids with a relative molecular weight of 43,418. Hamster NK-2R shares significant amino acid sequence homology with other tachykinin receptors, particularly(More)
Spasticity, a major complication of central nervous system disorders, signified by uncontrollable muscle contractions, is very difficult to treat effectively. We report on the use of ultrasound (US) image-guided high-intensity focused US (HIFU) to target and suppress the function of the sciatic nerve complex of rabbits in vivo, as a possible treatment of(More)