James W. Ivey

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A fundamental approach incorporating current theoretical models into aerosol formulation design potentially reduces experimental work for complex formulations. A D-amino acid mixture containing D-Leucine (D-Leu), D-Methionine, D-Tryptophan, and D-Tyrosine was selected as a model formulation for this approach. Formulation design targets were set, with the(More)
INTRODUCTION Deepening the current understanding of the factors governing the performance of the pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI) has the potential to benefit patients by providing improved drugs for current indications as well as by enabling new areas of therapy. Although a great deal of work has been conducted to this end, our knowledge of the(More)
Biotherapeutic aerosol formulations are an intense area of interest for systemic and local drug delivery. This article provides a short overview of typical factors required specifically for biotherapeutic aerosol formulation design, the processing options open for consideration, and the issue of inhalation device selection. Focusing on spray drying, four(More)
The effects of propellant type, cosolvent content, and air humidity on the morphology and solid phase of the particles produced from solution pressurized metered dose inhalers containing the corticosteroid beclomethasone dipropionate were investigated. The active ingredient was dissolved in the HFA propellants 134a and 227ea with varying levels of the(More)
A correlation equation for the mass median aerodynamic diameter (MMAD) of the aerosol emitted by solution metered dose inhalers (MDIs) is presented. A content equivalent diameter is defined and used to describe aerosols generated by evaporating metered dose inhaler sprays. A large set of cascade impaction data is analyzed, and the MMAD and geometric(More)
The performance of pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) under a variety of temperature conditions was investigated. The effects of both inhaler temperature and ambient temperature were considered. The inhaler temperature ranged from -13.0°C to 41.7°C and the ambient temperature ranged from -12.0°C to 41.7°C. The in vitro lung dose was measured for four(More)
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