James W. Hugg

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Previous animal and human studies showed that photic stimulation (PS) increased cerebral blood flow and glucose uptake much more than oxygen consumption, suggesting selective activation of anaerobic glycolysis. In the present studies, image-guided 1H and 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was used to monitor the changes in lactate and high-energy(More)
The goals of the current study were threefold: first, to confirm previous single volume proton (1H) magnetic resonance spectroscopy results of reduced N-acetyl aspartate (NAA, a putative marker of neurons) in multiple sclerosis (MS) white matter lesions using multiple volume 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI); second, to measure the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of an indicator of hippocampal function with severity of depression symptoms in temporal lobe epilepsy. METHODS We evaluated 31 patients with video/EEG-confirmed temporal lobe epilepsy using creatine/N-acetylaspartate ratio maps derived from a previously validated (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging(More)
We studied 10 medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients prior to surgery using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) to localize seizure foci. We found significantly elevated creatine/N-acetylaspartate (Cr/NAA) unilaterally in 8 and bilaterally in 2 patients. Five patients have been studied again 1 year after surgery. In(More)
Two-dimensional proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic imaging studies were performed of the distributions of the major hydrogen-1 metabolites of choline, creatine, N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and lactate in normal (n = 6) and subacutely to chronically infarcted (n = 10) human brain. The two dimensions of phase encoding were applied over a 20-mm-thick(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to identify MRI measures that have high probability in a short acquisition time to predict, at early time points after onset of ischemia, the eventual development of cerebral infarction in clinical patients who suffer occlusion of a cerebral artery. METHODS We developed an MR tissue signature model based on experimentally(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether diffusion mapping could lateralize intractable seizures in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) patients. BACKGROUND Animal seizure models show acute postictal depression of the apparent diffusion coefficient of water (ADCw), interictal normalization, then chronic elevation. METHODS The hippocampal plane was imaged with(More)
PURPOSE To correlate the interictal spike field and region of seizure onset with the distribution of 1H-MRS abnormalities in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and improve our understanding of the clinical significance of 1H-MRS abnormalities. METHODS Scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) results were(More)
We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) at 4.1 tesla in patients with malformations of cortical development (MCDs) and epilepsy. We compared the spectroscopic results with normative data using 2 SDs (95% confidence) above normal values for detection of significant abnormalities for creatine-N-acetylated compounds (Cr/NA) ratio and(More)
Limbic system atrophy and memory dysfunction are common in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). However, the relationship between extrahippocampal limbic structures and memory functioning within TLE has received little attention. The present study examined associations of MRI volumetric measurements of the mammillary body, fornix, amygdala, and(More)