James W. Foley

Learn More
The goal of this investigation was to develop improved photosensitizers for use as antimicrobial drugs in photodynamic therapy of localized infections. Replacement of the oxygen atom in 5-(ethylamino)-9-diethylaminobenzo[a]phenoxazinium chloride (1) with sulfur and selenium afforded thiazinium and selenazinium analogues 2 and 3, respectively. All three dyes(More)
Much remains unknown about how the nervous system of an animal generates behaviour, and even less is known about the evolution of behaviour. How does evolution alter existing behaviours or invent novel ones? Progress in computational techniques and equipment will allow these broad, complex questions to be explored in great detail. Here we present a method(More)
A noninvasive, real-time detection technology was validated for qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial treatment applications. The lux gene cluster of Photorhabdus luminescens was introduced into an Escherichia coli clinical isolate, EC14, on a multicopy plasmid. This bioluminescent reporter bacterium was used to study antimicrobial effects in vitro and(More)
5-(Ethylamino)-9-diethylaminobenzo[a]phenothiazinium chloride (EtNBS) is a photosensitizer (PS) with broad antimicrobial photodynamic activity. The objective of this study was to determine the antimicrobial photodynamic effect of side chain/end group modifications of EtNBS on two representative bacterial Gram-type-specific strains. Two EtNBS derivatives(More)
We have evaluated the chemical, photophysical and photostability properties of 5,9-diaminodibenzo[a,j]phenoxazinium chloride, 3, and its bis-5,9-ethylamino analogue, 4, with the goal of determining if they have characteristics that are compatible with the requirements of a useful fluorescent probe. In order to gauge the potential utility of these(More)
The overall goal of our research is to develop effective new photosensitizers for tumor-selective photodynamic therapy. Phenoxazine dyes, including several Nile blue analogues, are known to localize selectively in animal tumors. Structural modifications yielded several series of analogues with substantially higher '02 yields and different photochem ical and(More)
On the basis of a unique nucleophilic addition reaction, a novel water-soluble broadly emitting (500-700 nm) fluorescent Probe 1 was developed for the rapid detection of SO2 derivatives in aqueous media. The positively-charged benzopyrylium moiety in Probe 1 provides both excellent water solubility, making this probe applicable in 100% aqueous environments,(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is emerging as a potential therapeutic modality in the clinical management of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). In order to establish a rationale for effective PDT of CL, we investigated the impact of the molecular charge and structure of photosensitizers on the parasitic phototoxic response. Two photosensitizers from the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Nile blue dyes have been shown to have affinity for tumor tissue as compared to surrounding normal tissue and to be relatively non-toxic. We have employed EtNBA, a lipophilic, fluorescent benzophenoxazine dye, in a murine model to image subcutaneous and intracranial U-87 glioma implants. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS The(More)