Learn More
SUMMARY The effects of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) infusion and glucose (G) infusion started 30 min after experimental coronary occlusion and the combination of GIK and propranolol (P) started 3 hours after coronary occlusion on the development of myo-cardial infarction were studied in 37 dogs. Fifteen minutes after the coronary occlusion, epicardial(More)
The myocardium is a complex three-dimensional structure consisting of myocytes interconnected by a dense collagen weave that courses in different directions. Regional ischemia can be expected to produce complex changes in ventricular deformation. In the present study, we examined the effects of ischemia on two- and three-dimensional finite strains during(More)
Brief ischemic periods lead to myocardial dysfunction without myocardial infarction. It has been shown that expression of inducible HSP70 in hearts of transgenic mice leads to decreased infarct size, but it remains unclear if HSP70 can also protect against myocardial dysfunction after brief ischemia. To investigate this question, we developed a mouse model(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired systolic function in the normally perfused myocardium adjacent to an ischemic region - the functional border zone - is thought to result from mechanical interactions across the perfusion boundary. We investigated how segment orientation and vessel involved affect regional strains in the functional border zone and whether altered stresses(More)
To determine the relation between local myofiber anatomy and local deformation in the wall of the left ventricle, both three-dimensional transmural deformation and myofiber orientation were examined in the anterior free wall of seven canine left ventricles. Deformation was measured by imaging columns of implanted radiopaque markers with high-speed, biplane(More)
Cardiac myofibers are organized into laminar sheets about four cells thick. Recently, it has been suggested that these layers coincide with the plane of maximum shear during systole. In general, there are two such planes, which are oriented at +/-45 degrees to the main principal strain axes. These planes do not necessarily contain the fiber axis. In the(More)
Pairs of ultrasonic dimension gauges and a micromanometer implanted in the subendocardium of the left ventricles of unanesthetized dogs were used to analyze serial changes in hemodynamic status and segmental function for up to 4 weeks after permanent circumflex coronary artery occlusion. Regional function was studied in control segments and in segments(More)
Regional ventricular dysfunction (the stunned myocardium) persists for several hours after 15 minutes of ischemia and reperfusion in the dog. Superoxide-radical-induced damage appears to be one of the mechanisms of this injury. We tested whether granulocytes were a direct source of injury in the stunned myocardium in the 15-minute ischemia dog model.(More)
Early relaxation in the cardiac cycle is characterized by rapid torsional recoil of the left ventricular (LV) wall. To elucidate the contribution of the transmural arrangement of the myofiber to relaxation, we determined the time course of three-dimensional fiber-sheet strains in the anterior wall of five adult mongrel dogs in vivo during early relaxation(More)
To determine whether significant regional differences in shortening exist in the canine left ventricle, the shortening characteristics of small segments of the circumferentially oriented hoop axis fibers and the more longitudinally oriented fibers near the epicardium were examined using pairs of ultrasound crystals placed at three levels of the left(More)