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To examine the interaction between normal and nonischemic areas of the left ventricle during acute ischemia, we implanted midwall ultrasonic segment length gauges in the ischemic zone and in nonischemic areas of the canine left ventricle. During acute ischemia, end-diastolic pressure and segment length in the nonischemic areas increased. There was no change(More)
Changes in regional left ventricular (LV) performance induced by ventricular pacing were studied in two groups of open-chest anesthetized dogs. In the first group of five dogs, local function at the LV anterior base, anterior apex, and posterior apex was assessed by ultrasonic crystal pairs with atrial, right ventricular, LV apical, and LV base pacing.(More)
Therapies for myocardial infarction have historically been developed by trial and error, rather than from an understanding of the structure and function of the healing infarct. With exciting new bioengineering therapies for myocardial infarction on the horizon, we have reviewed the time course of structural and mechanical changes in the healing infarct in(More)
To examine transmural finite deformation in the wall of the canine left ventricle, closely spaced columns of lead beads were implanted at a single site on the left ventricular free wall. The three-dimensional coordinates of these myocardial markers were obtained with high-speed biplane cineradiography. Any four noncoplanar markers forming small tetrahedral(More)
Dependence of ventricular distensi-bility on jilling of the opposite ventricle. Am. influence of filling one ventricle on distensibility of the opposite ventricle was examined in dogs. Distensibility of the left or right ventricle was consistently decreased in proportion to the filling of the opposite chamber. To quantify the effect of right ventricular(More)
Brief ischemic periods lead to myocardial dysfunction without myocardial infarction. It has been shown that expression of inducible HSP70 in hearts of transgenic mice leads to decreased infarct size, but it remains unclear if HSP70 can also protect against myocardial dysfunction after brief ischemia. To investigate this question, we developed a mouse model(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired systolic function in the normally perfused myocardium adjacent to an ischemic region - the functional border zone - is thought to result from mechanical interactions across the perfusion boundary. We investigated how segment orientation and vessel involved affect regional strains in the functional border zone and whether altered stresses(More)
Early in 1985, after being questioned about duplicate data in two of his papers, Robert A. Slutsky, M.D., resigned his appointments as a radiology resident (trainee) and nonsalaried associate clinical professor in the Department of Radiology at the University of California, San Diego. During the following year, faculty committees investigated Slutsky's(More)
The effects on myocardial mechanics of acute, artificial aortic and mitral regurgitation were studied in the dog to determine the manner in which the changes in load induced by valvular regurgitation alter ventricular performance. With mitral and aortic regurgitant volumes of approximately the same magnitude as the forward stroke volume, immediate increases(More)
Changes in the structure of the "normal" ventricular wall adjacent to an infarcted area involve all components of the myocardium (myocytes, fibroblasts and the extracellular matrix, and the coronary vasculature) and their three-dimensional structural relationship. Assessing changes in these components requires tracking material markers in the remodeling(More)