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Tryptophan has been demonstrated to affect hepatic RNA and protein metabolism. Binding of tryptophan to nuclear envelope proteins has been demonstrated to be saturable, stereospecific, and of high affinity. The hepatic nuclear envelope tryptophan binding protein (glycoprotein) has been purified to apparent homogeneity using either concanavalin A-agarose or(More)
This study evaluates whether or not some of the benzodiazepines would influence the binding of L-tryptophan to rat hepatic nuclei or nuclear envelopes. Previous publications have indicated that binding of L-tryptophan to hepatic nuclear envelope proteins was saturable, stereospecific, and of high affinity. In this study, we investigated whether some of the(More)
Since some patients with eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome ingested tryptophan along with benzodiazepines, we investigated whether demoxepam, the N-desalkylated compound of chlordiazepoxide, would influence the binding of tryptophan to hepatic nuclei. L-Tryptophan has been shown to bind (saturable, stereospecific, and of high affinity) to rat hepatic nuclei and(More)
A physiologically relevant increase in body temperature from 39.7 to 42.5 degrees C, which was generated after the intravenous injection of D-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), caused the induction of synthesis of a 74,000-dalton heat shock protein in the brain, heart, and kidney of the young adult rabbit. A marked increase in the relative labeling of a(More)
A cell-free protein synthesis system, derived from brains of 3 mo-old male Fischer-344 rats, has been characterized. The optimum conditions for amino acid incorporation in the system were 5 mM magnesium ion and 200 mM potassium ion. Incorporation depended on the addition of ATP, GTP, and an enegy-generating system, and was sensitive to addition of the drugs(More)
Protein synthesis in the brain is known to be affected by a wide range of treatments. The detailed analysis of the mechanisms that are involved would be facilitated by the development of cell-free translation systems derived from brain tissue. To date, brain cell-free systems have not been fully characterized to demonstrate a capacity for initiation of(More)
Free and membrane-bound polysomes and polyadenylated mRNA isolated from rabbit brain were translated in an mRNA-dependent rabbit reticulocyte lysate system. Electrophoretic analysis of the cell-free translation products demonstrated that although most of the nascent proteins were common to both free and membrane-bound brain polysomes, qualitative and(More)
The expression of several proto-oncogenes involved in normal cell growth was examined as a function of age in male Fischer-344 rats aged 3, 6-9, 12 and 21-23 months. Northern blot analysis using RNA isolated from pooled livers or brains showed that the transcript levels of c-myc, but not c-sis or c-src-related genes, were markedly elevated in the liver with(More)
An initiating cell-free protein synthesis system derived from brain was utilized to demonstrate that the intravenous injection of D-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) to rabbits resulted in a lesion at the initiation stage of brain protein synthesis. Three inhibitors of initiation, edeine, poly(I), and aurintricarboxylic acid were used to demonstrate a(More)
A cell-free protein synthesis system was derived from brains of young (3 month) and old (greater than 23 month) male Fischer-344 rats in order to examine brain protein synthesis in relation to age. The system was shown to be capable of reinitiating protein synthesis in vitro, and of synthesizing protein from exogenously added mRNA. Optimal ionic conditions(More)