James V. Gainer

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BACKGROUND The CYP4A11 arachidonic acid monooxygenase oxidizes endogenous arachidonic acid (AA) to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a metabolite with renovascular and tubular functions. Mice with targeted disruption of Cyp4a14, a murine homologue of CYP4A11, have severe hypertension. We combined molecular and biochemical approaches to identify a(More)
Previous studies indicate that the vasodilator response to bradykinin (BK) and other endothelium-dependent and -independent agonists is decreased in black Americans compared with white Americans. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of ethnicity on fibrinolytic function in humans. Graded doses of BK (100, 200, and 400 ng/min),(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that angiotensin promotes oxidative stress and inflammation in humans via aldosterone and the mineralocorticoid receptor. We measured the effect of intravenous aldosterone (0.7 mug/kg per hour for 10 hours followed by 0.9 mug/kg per hour for 4 hours) and vehicle in a randomized, double-blind crossover study in 11(More)
To test the hypothesis that the bradykinin receptor 2 (BDKRB2) BE1+9/-9 polymorphism affects vascular responses to bradykinin, we measured the effect of intra-arterial bradykinin on forearm blood flow and tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) release in 89 normotensive, nonsmoking, white American subjects in whom degradation of bradykinin was blocked by(More)
The ω-hydroxylase CYP4A11 catalyzes the transformation of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) to ω-hydroxylated EETs, endogenous peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) agonists. PPARα activation increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). A cytosine-for-thymidine (T8590C) variant of CYP4A11 encodes for an ω-hydroxylase with reduced(More)
Mongrel cats with experimental cryogenic brain lesions were treated with the carotenoid compound crocetin. It has been shown that crocetin increases the diffusion speed of oxygen through plasma, and should provide a net increase in available oxygen to the capillary endothelial cell. The treated group of animals showed a significant reduction in edema as(More)
Mongrel dogs with experimental spinal cord injury were treated with the carotenoid compound crocetin. It has been shown that crocetin increases the diffusion speed of oxygen through plasma, and should provide a net increase in oxygen at the level of the capillary endothelial cell. The treated animals showed a significant improvement in recovery rates as(More)
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