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Anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is the standard surgical treatment for medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). While seizure outcome is favorable, cognitive outcomes are a concern, particularly in respect of memory and naming. A systematic review of the literature on the naming outcomes of ATL is presented in this article. Searches were(More)
BACKGROUND Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is commonly applied to study the neural substrates of language in clinical research and for neurosurgical planning. fMRI language mapping is used to assess language lateralisation, or determine hemispheric dominance, and to localise regions of the brain involved in language. Routine fMRI has been(More)
OBJECTIVES Functional magnetic resonance imaging is a useful tool to lateralize and localize language in presurgical patients, as well as to localize other functionally salient cortex. The procedure is typically reserved for older children and adults, since it necessitates cooperation and participation in tasks. We have explored the applicability of(More)
Epilepsy surgery plays an important role in the management of patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy and lesional epilepsies. When performed early in the course of the illness, surgery can render many patients seizure-free and greatly improve their quality of life. In southern Africa, as in many developing nations, thousands of patients(More)
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