James T Third Dobbins

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In this paper we describe a quantitative evaluation of the performance of three dual-energy noise reduction algorithms: Kalender's correlated noise reduction (KCNR), noise clipping (NOC), and edge-predictive adaptive smoothing (EPAS). These algorithms were compared to a simple smoothing filter approach, using the variance and noise power spectrum(More)
The presence of enkephalins in the intestine and the use of opiates to treat diarrheal diseases suggests that enkephalins may affect intestinal ion transport. Using isolated rabbit ileal mucosa, we found that leucine enkephalin, methionine enkephalin, and D Ala2-methionine enkephalin amide (D Ala2-Met E) decreased the short circuit current (Isc) and(More)
The two principal forms of hand arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) have large clinical and economic costs. Radiography has been shown to be a useful tool to assess the condition of the disease. A hand radiograph, however, is a two-dimensional projection of a three-dimensional object. In this report we present the results of a study(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the scatter, dose, and effective detective quantum efficiency (DQE) performance of a slot-scan digital chest radiography system compared with that of a full-field digital radiography system. MATERIALS AND METHODS Scatter fraction of a slot-scan system was measured for an anthropomorphic and a geometric phantom by using a posterior(More)
Matrix inversion tomosynthesis (MITS) uses known imaging geometry and linear systems theory to deterministically separate in-plane detail from residual tomographic blur in a set of conventional tomosynthesis ("shift-and-add") planes. A previous investigation explored the effect of scan angle (ANG), number of projections (N), and number of reconstructed(More)
Purpose: A variety of cone beam CT (CBCT) systems has been used in the clinic for image guidance in interventional radiology and radiation therapy. Compared with conventional single‐source CBCT, dual‐source CBCT has the potential for dual‐energy imaging and faster scanning. However, it adds additional cross‐scatter when compared to a single‐source CBCT(More)
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