James T. Slama

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In this report we describe the role of NAD(+) in the deacetylation reaction catalyzed by the SIR2 family of enzymes. We first show that the products of the reaction detected by HPLC analysis are ADP-ribose, nicotinamide, and a deacetylated peptide substrate. These products are in a 1:1:1 molar ratio, indicating that deacetylation involves the hydrolysis of(More)
Adenosine diphosphate (hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidinediol (ADP-HPD), an NH analog of ADP-ribose, was chemically synthesized and shown to be a potent and specific inhibitor of poly-(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase. The synthetic starting material was the protected pyrrolidine, (2R,3R,4S)-1-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-diol 3,4-O-isopropylidene(More)
The Silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) family of enzymes consists of NAD(+)-dependent histone/protein deacetylases that tightly couple the hydrolysis of NAD(+) and the deacetylation of an acetylated substrate to form nicotinamide, the deacetylated product, and the novel metabolite O-acetyl-ADP-ribose (OAADPR). In this paper, we analyzed the substrate(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is an agonist-generated second messenger that releases Ca(2+) from intracellular acidic Ca(2+) stores. Recent evidence has identified the two-pore channels (TPCs) within the endolysosomal system as NAADP-regulated Ca(2+) channels that release organellar Ca(2+) in response to NAADP. However, little is(More)
Polyadenosine diphosphoribose glycohydrolase (PARG) catalyzes the intracellular hydrolysis of adenosine diphosphoribose polymers. Because structure-activity data are lacking for PARG, the specific inhibitor adenosine diphosphate (hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidinediol (ADP-HPD) was utilized to determine the effects of structure on inhibitor potency using PARG(More)
Polymers of ADP-ribose involved in the maintenance of genomic integrity are converted to free ADP-ribose by the action of poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG). As an approach to mapping functions of PARG onto the amino acid sequence of the protein, we report here experiments that identify an amino acid residue involved in the binding of potent PARG(More)
Phosphoinositides play an integral role in a diverse array of cellular signaling processes. Although considerable effort has been directed toward characterizing the kinases that produce inositol lipid second messengers, the study of phosphatases that oppose these kinases remains limited. Current research is focused on the identification of novel lipid(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a messenger that regulates calcium release from intracellular acidic stores. Recent studies have identified two-pore channels (TPCs) as endolysosomal channels that are regulated by NAADP; however, the nature of the NAADP receptor binding site is unknown. To further study NAADP binding sites, we have(More)
Adenosine diphosphate (hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidinediol (ADP-HPD), a nitrogen-in-the-ring analog of ADP-ribose, was recently shown to be a potent and specific inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase. Analysis of the inhibition kinetics of the hydrolase by ADP-HPD using the method of Lineweaver and Burk yields a noncompetitive double-reciprocal plot. Both(More)