James Stafford

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Three neuroradiologists perceptually evaluated CT of 24 patients with Alzheimer type dementia and 22 normal control subjects and made a dichotomous judgment for each case (i.e., normal control or Alzheimer type dementia). The mean percentage of patients correctly classified was 83.3%. The neuroradiologists also completed perceptual ratings on each scan.(More)
A newly developed computerized technique was used to analyze the CT scans of 49 patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type and 31 normal control subjects. Nine brain regions distributed across five CT slices were evaluated for each individual. For the purpose of analysis, the patients and controls were divided into an exploratory set and a test set.(More)
Three novel and closely related leukocyte immune-type receptors (IpLITR) have been identified in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). These receptors belong to a large polymorphic and polygenic subset of the Ig superfamily with members located on at least three independently segregating loci. Like mammalian and avian innate immune regulatory receptors,(More)
A key step in the maturation of glutamate synapses is the developmental speeding of alpha-amino-3-hydroxyl-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionate receptor (AMPA-R) kinetics, which occurs via a switch in receptor subtypes. However, the molecular components required for the switch in receptors are unknown. Here, we used the zebrafish preparation to show that(More)
Potassium channel activity is important for modulating mammalian macrophage antimicrobial functions. The involvement of potassium channels in mediation of immune cell function in lower vertebrates, such as teleost, has not been explored. Since relatively little is known about the types of potassium channels present in fish macrophages, pharmacological(More)
In goldfish, two endogenous gonadotrophin-releasing hormones (GnRHs) [salmon (s)GnRH and chicken (c)GnRH-II] control maturational gonadotrophin-II [lutenising hormone (LH)] and growth hormone (GH) secretion via Ca(2+)-dependent intracellular signalling pathways. We investigated the involvement of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) in GnRH-evoked LH and GH(More)
Seventy-nine healthy men ranging in age from 31 to 87 years underwent a computed tomographic (CT) scan and were administered a neuropsychologic test battery. Midventricular, high ventricular, and supraventricular CT slices were analyzed for each individual. Computerized techniques calculated the percent of fluid volume and the mean CT density for each(More)
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptides (CARTp) are neuropeptides that act as neurotransmitters in the brain of vertebrates. The expression of CARTp has been characterized in teleosts, amphibians, and several mammalian species, but comparative data in reptiles and birds are nonexistent. In this study, we show the distribution of(More)
Across vertebrates, innate immunity consists of a complex assortment of highly specialized cells capable of unleashing potent effector responses designed to destroy or mitigate foreign pathogens. The execution of various innate cellular behaviors such as phagocytosis, degranulation, or cell-mediated cytotoxicity are functionally indistinguishable when being(More)