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Cuttings of a clone of A. annua L. (Asteraceae), grown under 16 h photoperiod for 55 days were transferred to six photoperiod treatments in the greenhouse. Under short photoperiods (8, 10, or 12 h), plants flowered after two weeks; plants under long photoperiods (16, 20, or 24 h) remained vegetative until termination of treatment after 10 weeks. When plants(More)
High-performance liquid chromatography-UV-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric detector (HPLC-UV-ESI-MSD) method for determination of isoflavones in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) and related species has been developed. The separated isoflavones including aglycones, glycosides and glycoside malonates, were individually analyzed and identified by(More)
While polyphenolic compounds have many health benefits, the potential development of polyphenols for the prevention/treatment of neurological disorders is largely hindered by their complexity as well as by limited knowledge regarding their bioavailability, metabolism, and bioactivity, especially in the brain. We recently demonstrated that dietary(More)
Efficient plant regeneration was achieved via organogenesis from callus cultures derived from leaf tissue of Echinacea purpurea. Proliferating shoot cultures were obtained by placing leaf explants on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) combinations. MS medium supplemented with BAP(More)
Alzheimer disease is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder characterized by amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide deposition into cerebral amyloid plaques. The natural polyphenol resveratrol promotes anti-aging pathways via the activation of several metabolic sensors, including the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Resveratrol also lowers Abeta levels in cell(More)
Artemisinin content of Artemisia annua L. plants grown under long days in a greenhouse was highly correlated (r = 0.931** and 0.954**, P = 0.01) with the same clones grown under long days in the field. The correlation of artemisinin content of clones grown in long days in tissue culture and in the greenhouse was r = 0.502*. Correlation of artemisinin(More)
Artichoke leaf is an herbal medicine known for a long time. A systematic antioxidant activity-directed fractionation procedure was used to purify antioxidative components from the aqueous methanol extractions of artichoke heads and leaves in this study. Seven active polyphenolic compounds were purified from artichoke, and structural elucidation of each was(More)
Air-dried flower heads of 20 Finnish tansy genotypes were extracted with petroleum ether and analyzed using GC–MS. A total of 55 volatile compounds were detected, and 53 were identified. Of the tansy genotypes studied, 15 were well defined and five were mixed chemotypes. Complete linkage analysis differentiated the populations into six clusters. The most(More)
The present study explored the bioavailability and brain deposition of a grape seed polyphenolic extract (GSPE) previously found to attenuate cognitive deterioration in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Plasma pharmacokinetic response of major GSPE phenolic components was measured following intragastric gavage of 50, 100, and 150 mg GSPE per kg(More)
Epidemiological and preclinical studies indicate that polyphenol intake from moderate consumption of red wines may lower the relative risk for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. There is limited information regarding the specific biological activities and cellular and molecular mechanisms by which wine polyphenolic components might modulate AD.(More)