James Shanteau

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The assessment of expertise is vital both in practical situations that call for expert judgment and in theoretical research on the psychology of experts. It can be difficult, however, to determine whether a judge is in fact performing expertly. Our goal was to develop an empirical measure of expert judgment. We argue that two necessary characteristics of(More)
The purposes of this paper are: (1) to provide background on the heuristics and biases approach to decision making; (2) to describe some of the issues being debated in psychology concerning this approach; (3) to review relevant studies from the behavioral auditing research literature; (4) to provide comments on the trends in the auditing literature; (5) to(More)
People prefer a sure gain to a probable larger gain when the two choices are presented from a gain perspective, but a probable larger loss to a sure loss when the objectively identical choices are presented from a loss perspective. Such reversals of preference due to the context of the problem are known as framing effects. In the present study, schema(More)
Replies by E. F. Alf and N. M. Abrahams and by L. G. Rorer defend the correlation-regression approach to model testing, contending that if a priori measurements are assumed to be proper psychological values and if the correct model is known, correlations can be higher for the better model. But since psychologists cannot know in advance the correct scales(More)
0747-5632/$ see front matter 2008 Elsevier Ltd. A doi:10.1016/j.chb.2008.07.008 * Corresponding author. Tel.: +515 294 1742. E-mail address: cpb6666@iastate.edu (C.P. Barlett) 1 The authors wish to thank Jason Ward, Brandon Fe assistance in data collection. Thanks are also warra supplying the equipment, computer programs, and ear Two studies were conducted(More)
Pothos & Busemeyer (P&B) argue that classical probability (CP) fails to describe human decision processes accurately and should be supplanted by quantum probability. We accept the premise, but reject P&B's conclusion. CP is a prescriptive framework that has inspired a great deal of valuable research. Also, because CP is used across the sciences, it is a(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a quantitative method of evaluating the user interface for medication system software. A detailed task analysis provided a description of user goals and essential activity. A structural fault analysis was used to develop a detailed description of the system interface. Nurses experienced with use of the system under(More)