James Saunders Hutchison

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CONTEXT Between March and July 2009, the largest number of confirmed cases of 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection occurred in North America. OBJECTIVE To describe characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of critically ill patients in Canada with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS A prospective observational study of 168(More)
CONTEXT The benefits of therapeutic hypothermia as a treatment for traumatic brain injury (TBI) remain unclear. OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of depth, duration, and rate of rewarming after discontinuation of hypothermia on mortality and neurologic outcome in adults after TBI. DATA SOURCES An electronic search of MEDLINE (OVID), EMBASE, Current(More)
Ischemic brain injury is exacerbated by leukocyte infiltration and formation of vasogenic edema. In this study we demonstrate that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is dramatically (3 to 15-fold) up-regulated in human cerebromicrovascular endothelial cells (HCEC) by a 16 h exposure to the cytokine, IL-1 beta (50-200 u/ml), the phorbol ester, TPA(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal hemoglobin threshold for erythrocyte transfusions in critically ill children is unknown. We hypothesized that a restrictive transfusion strategy of using packed red cells that were leukocyte-reduced before storage would be as safe as a liberal transfusion strategy, as judged by the outcome of multiple-organ dysfunction. METHODS In(More)
BACKGROUND Hypothermia therapy improves survival and the neurologic outcome in animal models of traumatic brain injury. However, the effect of hypothermia therapy on the neurologic outcome and mortality among children who have severe traumatic brain injury is unknown. METHODS In a multicenter, international trial, we randomly assigned children with severe(More)
INTRODUCTION Adverse outcomes following clinical deterioration in children admitted to hospital wards is frequently preventable. Identification of children for referral to critical care experts remains problematic. Our objective was to develop and validate a simple bedside score to quantify severity of illness in hospitalized children. METHODS A(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 2 quantitative EEG display tools, color density spectral array (CDSA) and amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG), for seizure identification in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS A set of 27 continuous EEG recordings performed in pediatric ICU patients was transformed into 8-channel CDSA and aEEG displays.(More)
Both follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are proposed requirements for follicular growth and steroidogenesis; however, the role of LH in primate folliculogenesis is unclear. Follicular stimulation by recombinant human FSH (n = 5) with and without recombinant LH (1:1; n = 6) following 90 days of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone(More)
PURPOSE We developed and performed the initial retrospective validation of a pediatric severity of illness score. The score is to preemptively identify hospitalized children who are likely to require resuscitation to treat cardiopulmonary arrest. MATERIALS AND METHODS The Pediatric Early Warning System (PEWS) score was developed using expert opinion. The(More)
Leukocyte infiltration into the brain has been implicated in the development of ischemic brain damage. In this study, simulated in vitro ischemia/reperfusion and IL-1beta were found to up-regulate both the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule- (ICAM-1) in cultured human cerebromicrovascular endothelial cells (HCEC) and the adhesion of allogenic(More)