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Text mining is a new and exciting area of computer science that tries to solve the crisis of information overload by combining techniques from data mining, machine learning, natural language processing, information retrieval, and knowledge management. The Text Mining Handbook presents a comprehensive discussion of the latest techniques in text mining and(More)
Rats are commonly used to study peripheral nerve repair and grafting. The traditional footprint method to assess functional recovery is messy, indirect, and not useful when contractures develop in the animal model. The aim of the present study was to establish an accurate, reproducible, but simple, method to assess dynamic limb function. The basic(More)
There has been considerable disagreement in descriptions of the SMAS. Fresh cadaver dissection, combining anatomic dissection done with the aid of the operating microscope and histologic cross section of facial tissues, was performed in 24 facial halves. Histologic preparation was made on tissue macrosections, each 10 cm in length. Consistent findings(More)
The nasolabial fold was analyzed by anatomic and histologic evaluation of the tissue planes that create and surround the fold. A fascial-fatty layer exists in the superficial subdermal space extending from the upper lip across the nasolabial fold to the cheek mass. The SMAS is present in the upper lip as the superficial portion of the orbicularis oris(More)
This study evaluated 2 end-to-side nerve repair techniques for ability to induce nerve sprouting and muscular recovery. Twenty-four rats underwent identical surgeries. The helicoid method of neurorrhaphy was used on the left (large epineurial window) side and the standard end-to-side (small epineurial window) repair on the right side of each rat to repair(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) and cholinesterase (CE) histochemical staining of rabbit spinal nerve roots and dorsal root ganglia demonstrated that among the reactive myelinated axons, with minor exceptions, sensory axons were CA positive and CE negative whereas motor axons were CA negative and CE positive. The high specificity was achieved by adjusting reaction(More)
The nasolabial fold was analyzed by studying changes with aging in the nasolabial fold and adjacent soft-tissue features. Chronologic photographs were obtained from 19 older subjects, taken approximately every 10 years, from age 20 to their present age. In a separate phase of the study, facial portraits in repose and smiling were taken of young and old(More)
Hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) results from excessive exposure to hand-transmitted vibration. Whether the peripheral nerve damage characteristic of HAVS is a direct result of vibration or is secondary to vascular insufficiency remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of vibration exposure on axoplasmic transport in peripheral(More)
The forearms and hands of 40 fresh-frozen cadavers were dissected under the microscope to study the palmar cutaneous branch of the median nerve (PCBm) and the palmar cutaneous branch of the ulnar nerve (PCBu). Branches of the PCBm innervating the scaphoid were typically found, but in no specimen did we find a 'typical' cutaneous branch of the ulnar nerve.(More)