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BACKGROUND Academic detailing is an outreach education technique that combines the direct social marketing traditionally used by pharmaceutical representatives with unbiased content summarizing the best evidence for a given clinical issue. Academic detailing is conducted with clinicians to encourage evidence-based practice in order to improve the quality of(More)
Mr. O’Malley is a 29-year-old man whom you are seeing for the first time for a routine health check-up. He has a medical history of obesity, hypertension, and childhood seizures. During the visit, he mentions that he is interested in quitting smoking. He started smoking cigarettes when he was 15 years old, while “hanging out” with his friends, and in those(More)
IMPORTANCE Pharmaceutical industry payments to physicians may affect prescribing practices and increase costs if more expensive medications are prescribed. OBJECTIVE Determine the association between industry payments to physicians and the prescribing of brand-name as compared with generic statins for lowering cholesterol. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
BACKGROUND Professional societies use metrics to evaluate medical schools' policies regarding interactions of students and faculty with the pharmaceutical and medical device industries. We compared these metrics and determined which US medical schools' industry interaction policies were associated with student behaviors. METHODS AND FINDINGS Using survey(More)
BACKGROUND Medical students attending schools with policies limiting industry/student interactions report fewer relationships with pharmaceutical representatives. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether associations between students' medical school policies and their more limited industry interaction behaviors persist into residency. METHODS We randomly(More)
Promotion of medical products by manufacturers to physicians in the US has been widespread for over a century [1], and in its traditional form includes strategies such as direct detailing visits (inperson product promotion by a pharmaceutical representative), sponsorship of Continuing Medical Education programs, gifts or other inducements, and free samples(More)
Boxed warnings-also known as "black box" warnings-can be a powerful tool in communicating drug risks to physicians and patients. The overall number of boxed warnings has grown in recent years as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved more drugs on the basis of limited pre-marketing information and as new safety issues for marketed drugs have(More)
Ms. Chatham is a 29-year-old woman who recently joined your practice; this is her second visit to your clinic. She made today’s appointment to discuss how she can lose weight and whether there are medications that she can take to aid in weight loss. She is relatively healthy, except for a history of childhood asthma. She says that she has been told(More)