James S. Schwaber

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To study the selectivity of neurotrophic actions in the brain, we analyzed the actions of several known growth factors on septal cholinergic, pontine cholinergic, and mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons in culture. Similar to nerve growth factor (NGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulated choline acetyltransferase activity in septal cultures. In(More)
Uptake, replication, and transneuronal passage of a swine neurotropic herpesvirus (pseudorabies virus, PRV) was evaluated in the rat CNS. PRV was localized in neural circuits innervating the tongue, stomach, esophagus and eye with light microscopic immunohistochemistry. In each instance, the distribution of PRV-immunoreactive neurons was entirely consistent(More)
We have developed a bioinformatics tool named PAINT that automates the promoter analysis of a given set of genes for the presence of transcription factor binding sites. Based on coincidence of regulatory sites, this tool produces an interaction matrix that represents a candidate transcriptional regulatory network. This tool currently consists of (1) a(More)
Although the amygdala complex has long been known to exert a profound influence on cardiovascular activity, the neuronal and connectional substrate mediating these influences remains unclear. This paper describes a direct amygdaloid projection to medullary sensory and motor structures involved in cardiovascular regulation, the nucleus of the solitary tract(More)
The vagus nerve exerts a profound influence on the heart, regulating the heart rate and rhythm. An extensive vagal innervation of the cardiac ventricles and the central origin and extent of this innervation was demonstrated by transynaptic transport of pseudorabies virus with a virulent and two attenuated pseudorabies viral strains. The neurons that(More)
We injected the anterograde fluorescent tracer 1,1'-dioleyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine methanesulfonate (DiI) into the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DmnX), counterstained the cardiac ganglia with Fluorogold (FG), and used confocal microscopy to examine the distributions and different types of DmnX fibers in wholemounts of the atria. We also(More)
Chronic alcohol use changes the brain’s inflammatory state. However, there is little work examining the progression of the cytokine response during alcohol withdrawal, a period of profound autonomic and emotional upset. This study examines the inflammatory response in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) and dorsal vagal complex (DVC), brain regions(More)
We defined the central circuit innervating various regions of the rat heart using a neurotropic herpesvirus as a transneuronal tracer. Location of viral antigens in the brain after cardiac injection of three strains of pseudorabies virus (PRV) provided insight into vagal preganglionic neurons and their connected interneurons. At short survival times,(More)
The source, distribution, and morphology of axons displaying calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity in the central amygdaloid nucleus of the adult rat were investigated with immunohistochemical techniques, both alone and in combination with retrograde transport of fluorescent tracers. An extremely dense plexus of CGRP-immunoreactive axons(More)
A new method for relative quantitation of mRNA levels with single neuron resolution is described. Hybridized tissue sections are emulsion dipped, exposed, and developed. The resulting silver grains are visualized using dark-field microscopy at high magnification. The method relies on computer-based image analysis of sequentially located, high resolution,(More)