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Although the amygdala complex has long been known to exert a profound influence on cardiovascular activity, the neuronal and connectional substrate mediating these influences remains unclear. This paper describes a direct amygdaloid projection to medullary sensory and motor structures involved in cardiovascular regulation, the nucleus of the solitary tract(More)
Uptake, replication, and transneuronal passage of a swine neurotropic herpesvirus (pseudorabies virus, PRV) was evaluated in the rat CNS. PRV was localized in neural circuits innervating the tongue, stomach, esophagus and eye with light microscopic immunohistochemistry. In each instance, the distribution of PRV-immunoreactive neurons was entirely consistent(More)
Gene expression profiles are an increasingly common data source that can yield insights into the functions of cells at a system-wide level. The present work considers the limitations in information content of gene expression data for reverse engineering regulatory networks. An in silico genetic regulatory network was constructed for this purpose. Using the(More)
1. We explore the roles of conductances in Hodgkin-Huxley (HH) models using a method that allows the explicit linking of HH model input-output behavior to parameter values for maximal conductances, voltage shifts, and time constants. The procedure can be used to identify not only the parameter values most critical to supporting a neuronal activity pattern(More)
We have developed a bioinformatics tool named PAINT that automates the promoter analysis of a given set of genes for the presence of transcription factor binding sites. Based on coincidence of regulatory sites, this tool produces an interaction matrix that represents a candidate transcriptional regulatory network. This tool currently consists of (1) a(More)
Primary afferent neurons transduce physical, continuous stimuli into discrete spike trains. Investigators have long been interested in interpreting the meaning of the number or pattern of action potentials in attempts to decode the spike train back into stimulus parameters. Pulmonary stretch receptors (PSRs) are visceral mechanoreceptors that respond to(More)
The general objectives of our research, presented in this series of papers, were to develop a computational model of the brain stem respiratory neural network and to explore possible neural mechanisms that provide the genesis of respiratory oscillations and the specific firing patterns of respiratory neurons. The present paper describes models of single(More)
The source, distribution, and morphology of axons displaying calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity in the central amygdaloid nucleus of the adult rat were investigated with immunohistochemical techniques, both alone and in combination with retrograde transport of fluorescent tracers. An extremely dense plexus of CGRP-immunoreactive axons(More)
Using the fluorescent dye, double retrograde-labeling tracing technique, separate populations of insular cortex neurons were demonstrated to project to the amygdaloid central nucleus and to autonomic nuclei of the dorsal medulla. Both populations were located in layer V of the agranular and granular insula with neurons projecting to the dorsal medulla(More)
Previous light microscopic work in the rat has demonstrated that many dendrites of vagal gastric motoneurons extend beyond the cytoarchitectural boundaries of the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) into the nucleus of the solitary tract (NST), where they overlap with the central terminal field of vagal gastric primary sensory neurons (Shapiro and(More)