James S Nowick

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Although aberrant protein aggregation has been conclusively linked to dozens of devastating amyloid diseases, scientists remain puzzled about the molecular features that render amyloid fibrils or small oligomers toxic. Here, we report a previously unobserved type of amyloid fibril that tests as cytotoxic: one in which the strands of the contributing(More)
High-resolution structures of oligomers formed by the β-amyloid peptide Aβ are needed to understand the molecular basis of Alzheimer's disease and develop therapies. This paper presents the X-ray crystallographic structures of oligomers formed by a 20-residue peptide segment derived from Aβ. The development of a peptide in which Aβ17-36 is stabilized as a(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro selected ribozymes with nucleotide synthase, peptide and carbon-carbon bond forming activity provide insight into possible scenarios on how chemical transformations may have been catalyzed before protein enzymes had evolved. Metabolic pathways based on ribozymes may have existed at an early stage of evolution. RESULTS We have isolated(More)
Amyloid formation is implicated in more than 20 human diseases, yet the mechanism by which fibrils form is not well understood. We use 2D infrared spectroscopy and isotope labeling to monitor the kinetics of fibril formation by human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP or amylin) that is associated with type 2 diabetes. We find that an oligomeric intermediate(More)
Protein amyloid oligomers have been strongly linked to amyloid diseases and can be intermediates to amyloid fibers. β-Sheets have been identified in amyloid oligomers. However, because of their transient and highly polymorphic properties, the details of their self-association remain elusive. Here we explore oligomer structure using a model system:(More)
This paper introduces a unique amino acid that can readily be incorporated into peptides to make them fold into beta-sheetlike structures that dimerize through beta-sheet interactions. This new amino acid, Orn(i-PrCO-Hao), consists of an ornithine residue with the beta-strand-mimicking amino acid Hao [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 7654-7661] attached to its(More)
Recent reports by Galeazzi and co-workers demonstrated the susceptibility of Abeta(1-42) to undergo dityrosine formation via peroxidase-catalyzed tyrosine cross-linking. We have formed dityrosine cross-links in Abeta(1-40) using these enzymatic conditions as well as a copper-H(2)O(2) method. The efficiency of dityrosine cross-link formation is strongly(More)
Modified guanosine monophosphates have been employed to introduce various functional groups onto RNA 5'-ends. Applications of modified RNA 5'-ends include the generation of functionalized RNA libraries for in vitro selection of catalytic RNAs, the attachment of photoaffinity-tags for mapping RNA-protein interactions or active sites in catalytic RNAs, or the(More)
The X-ray crystallographic structure of a truncated teixobactin analogue reveals hydrogen-bonding and hydrophobic interactions and a cavity that binds a chloride anion. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assays against Gram-positive bacteria correlate the observed structure with antibiotic activity.