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In this paper we establish some new oscillation criteria for the third-order nonlinear dynamic equation (c(t) (a(t)x ∆ (t)) ∆ γ) ∆ + f (t, x(t)) = 0, t ∈ [a, ∞) T on time scales, where γ ≥ 1 is a quotient of odd integers. Our results not only unify the oscillation theory for third-order nonlinear differential and difference equations but also are new for(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical utility of genotype-guided (pharmacogenetically based) dosing of warfarin has been tested only in small clinical trials or observational studies, with equivocal results. METHODS We randomly assigned 1015 patients to receive doses of warfarin during the first 5 days of therapy that were determined according to a dosing algorithm(More)
To clarify the use of outpatient morning report in internal medicine residency programs, we conducted a national survey of internal medicine residency directors and a local survey of a cohort of residents at a large teaching hospital. The program directors reported a 24% prevalence of outpatient morning report. The cohort of residents reported that the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease, including stroke and acute coronary syndromes. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), the principal inhibitor of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), has a pronounced circadian rhythm and is elevated in both OSA and cardiovascular disease and may be(More)
The blood vessels that comprise the circulatory system are extraordinarily sophisticated and complex. The organization of the cells and extracellular matrix that make up the vessel wall define its structural integrity and regulate vascular physiology and homeostasis through biochemical regulation. The endothelial lining of the normal blood vessel is a(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), the primary inhibitor of fibrinolysis and C-reactive protein (CRP), is a predictor of myocardial infarction. Both are upregulated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) within the obese population. This pilot study tested the hypothesis that TNF-α blockade with pentoxifylline lowers PAI-1 and high-sensitivity CRP(More)
Thrombospondin-1 (THBS1) is a large extracellular matrix glycoprotein that affects vasculature systems such as platelet activation, angiogenesis, and wound healing. Increases in THBS1 expression have been liked to disease states including tumor progression, atherosclerosis, and arthritis. The present study focuses on the effects of thrombin activation of(More)
OBJECTIVE Drug eluting stents (DES) reduce the incidence of restenosis after coronary angioplasty. Enthusiasm has been tempered by a possible increased risk of in-stent thrombosis. We examined the effects of paclitaxel and rapamycin on the endothelial transcriptome to identify alterations in gene expression associated with thrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
To test the hypothesis that NO influences aldosterone production in humans, we examined the effect of N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) on aldosterone concentrations in the presence and absence of the NO precursor L-arginine (3 g TID) and the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ramipril (10 mg QD). Ten normal subjects were given L-NAME (66(More)