James S McIntosh

Learn More
To MAKE LONG-TERM electrical connections with the nervous system for studying brain functions in awake behaving animals or eventually with humans, or to obtain signals from the nervous system for controlling external prosthetic devices or stimulating sensory areas to replace lost functions, new types of electrodes and insulators that are nonreactive to(More)
Histochemical staining methods were applied to selected superficial forearm muscles of Macaca mulatta monkeys. The muscles were analyzed with regard to relative percentage distribution of different fiber types. In extensor carpi radialis brevis, extensor carpi radialis longus, and palmaris longus there was an even dispersion of each fiber type from the(More)
1. The precentral cortex of three Macaca mulatta monkeys were mapped with intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) while the monkeys performed alternating wrist flexion and extension movements. A forearm cocontraction task was also employed with one monkey. Electromyogram (EMG) recordings from forearm muscles were used to evaluate the results of ICMS. 2. We(More)
Neurons that were antidromically invaded from either pyramidal tract (PT) stimulation or red nucleus (RN) stimulation were studied in the anterior portion of the supplementary motor cortex of anaesthetized rhesus monkeys. The conduction velocity of 58 PT neurons ranged from 11 to 63 m/sec while those of the 29 RN neurons ranged from 10 to 38 m/sec. None of(More)
This paper presents a study of the radiated ultrasonic fields of capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (often referred to as cMUTs) in air. These fields were modeled theoretically and then compared to the experimental near-field amplitude variations and directivity patterns of square cMUTs. The good agreement between theory and experiment(More)