James S Harper

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During the four year period 1983-87 transjugular liver biopsy was performed on 67 patients (M43, F24) aged 17-79 yr (mean 45.6 yr). Standard percutaneous biopsy was contraindicated by coagulation disorders (95%) often with ascites (17%). Biopsies were taken using a specially modified Ross trans-septal needle passed into hepatic veins under fluoroscopic(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical cure rate for primary hyperparathyroidismis greater than 95%. For those who have recurrent or persistent disease, preoperative localization improves reoperation success rates. Selective parathyroid venous sampling (SPVS) for intact parathyroid hormone is particularly useful when non-invasive localization techniques are negative or(More)
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are an increasingly used means of medium to long-term intravenous access. We have established an ultrasound (US) guided PICC insertion service at our institution that has largely replaced blind bedside insertions. One hundred and six PICCs were inserted in the upper arms of 89 patients, over a 6-month period(More)
Increased use of the ovine animal model in cardiovascular surgical research has created a salient need for standardized echocardiography techniques. To demonstrate a reproducible image in this species and confirm the validity of echocardiography as a diagnostic tool, we implanted 10 sheep with a pulmonary valve homograft and monitored them through weekly(More)
Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis are at an increased risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma, which is difficult to diagnose because the biliary tree is already distorted. Eleven patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation at this hospital were evaluated. Four patients had coincidental histologically(More)
The role of fetal surgery in the treatment of non-life-threatening congenital anomalies remains a source of much debate. Before such undertakings can be justified, models must be established that closely resemble the respective human anomalies, and the feasibility and safety of these in utero procedures must be demonstrated. The authors recently described(More)
BACKGROUND Midfacial hypoplasia and growth disturbances following cleft palate repair are well-known consequences of the maxillary scarring inherent with each repair technique. The present study investigated the influence of in utero palatoplasty, and cleft repair in 6-week-old goats, on midfacial growth and bony palatal development in the authors'(More)
Any animal model of a human congenital anomaly established by iatrogenic methods involving intrauterine fetal manipulation has limited clinical applicability. A congenital model that more closely simulates the etiopathogenesis of a human anomaly may provide data that can more readily be extrapolated to that anomaly and, therefore, be used in diagnostic and(More)
The role of fetal surgery in the management of congenital anomalies and intrauterine abnormalities is appropriately restricted on the basis of feasibility and risk-to-benefit analyses of intrauterine intervention. Recently, the authors demonstrated that in utero cleft palate repair of the congenital caprine model is technically feasible and results in(More)
BACKGROUND Inferior petrosal sinus sampling (IPSS) is a useful investigative technique in the differential diagnosis of ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. Diagnostic accuracy is improved by the administration of corticotrophin releasing-factor (CRF) during the procedure to stimulate ACTH secretion. We hypothesized that, given the unavailability of CRF in(More)