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—The presence of a contact lens, particularly a tex-tured cosmetic lens, poses a challenge to iris recognition as it obfuscates the natural iris patterns. The main contribution of this paper is to present an in-depth analysis of the effect of contact lenses on iris recognition. Two databases, namely, IIIT-D Iris Contact Lens database and ND-Contact Lens(More)
Textured cosmetic lenses have long been known to present a problem for iris recognition. It was once believed that clear, soft contact lenses did not impact iris recognition accuracy. However, it has recently been shown that persons wearing clear, soft contact lenses experience an increased false non-match rate relative to persons not wearing contact(More)
Automatic detection of textured contact lenses in images acquired for iris recognition has been studied by several researchers. However, to date, the experimental results in this area have all been based on the same manufacturer of contact lenses being represented in both the training data and the test data and only one previous work has considered images(More)
The use of an artificial replica of a biometric characteristic in an attempt to circumvent a system is an example of a biometric presentation attack. Liveness detection is one of the proposed countermeasures, and has been widely implemented in fingerprint and iris recognition systems in recent years to reduce the consequences of spoof attacks. The goal for(More)
The behavioral effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of the brain-gut peptide vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) were quantified with a behavioral sampling technique in home-caged, nondeprived, male and female albino rats and golden hamsters. ICV VIP sex-dependently decreased observed resting behavior during 1 hr after injections in both rats(More)
This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been fully edited. Content may change prior to final publication. Abstract—This paper considers three issues that arise in creating an algorithm for robust detection of textured contact lenses in iris recognition images. One issue is whether accurate segmentation(More)