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Butterflies in the large Palearctic genus Agrodiaetus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) are extremely uniform and exhibit few distinguishing morphological characters. However, these insects are distinctive in one respect: as a group they possess among the greatest interspecific karyotype diversity in the animal kingdom, with chromosome numbers (n) ranging from 10(More)
Evidence suggests that the small chloroplast heat-shock protein (Hsp) is involved in plant thermotolerance but its site of action is unknown. Functional disruption of this Hsp using anti-Hsp antibodies or addition of purified Hsp to chloroplasts indicated that (a) this Hsp protects thermolabile photosystem II and, consequently, whole-chain electron(More)
Plant ecologists and evolutionary biologists frequently examine patterns of phenotypic variation across variable environments or genetic identities. Too often, we ignore the fact that most phenotypic traits change throughout growth and development of individual plants, and that rates of growth and development are highly variable. Plants growing in different(More)
Numerous studies, including those of desert plants, have shown reduced stomatal conductance under elevated atmospheric CO 2. As a consequence, soil water has been postulated to increase. Soil water was measured for >4 yr at the Nevada Desert Free Air CO 2 Enrichment (FACE) Facility to determine if elevated atmospheric CO 2 conserves soil water for a desert(More)
Patterns of systemically induced resistance (SIR) in Eastern Cottonwood, Populus deltoides, measured by reduced feeding of the leaf-chewing beetle, Plagiodera versicolora, were shown to be directly related to the distribution of the plant vasculature. Mechanical damage to single leaves resulted in SIR in non-adjacent, orthostichous leaves (vertically(More)
Production of heat-shock proteins (Hsps) is a key adaptation to acute heat stress and will be important in determining plant responses to climate change. Further, intraspecifc variation in Hsps, which will influence species-level response to global warming, has rarely been examined in naturally occurring plants. To understand intraspecific variation in(More)
Mounting evidence suggests that heat-shock proteins (HSPs) play a vital role in enhancing survival at high temperature. There is, however, considerable variation in patterns of HSP production among species, and even among and within individuals of a species. It is not known why this variation exists and to what extent variation in HSPs among organisms might(More)
Terrestrial ecosystems control carbon dioxide fluxes to and from the atmosphere through photosynthesis and respiration, a balance between net primary productivity and heterotrophic respiration, that determines whether an ecosystem is sequestering carbon or releasing it to the atmosphere. Global and site-specific data sets have demonstrated that climate and(More)
Elemental Hg (Hg(0)) evolution from soils can be an important process and needs to be measured in more ecosystems. The diffusion model for soil gaseous efflux has been applied to modeling the fluxes of several gases in soils and deserves testing with regard to Hg(0). As an initial test of this model, we examined soil gaseous Hg(0) and CO(2) concentrations(More)