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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sensitivity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of conventional MR imaging in predicting glioma grade are not high. Relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) measurements derived from perfusion MR imaging and metabolite ratios from proton MR spectroscopy are useful in predicting glioma grade. We evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A technique of segmenting total gray matter (GM) and total white matter (WM) in human brain is now available. We investigated the effects of age and sex on total fractional GM (%GM) and total fractional WM (%WM) volumes by using volumetric MR imaging in healthy adults. METHODS Fifty-four healthy volunteers (22 men, 32 women) aged(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively compare diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with standard breath-hold T2-weighted MR imaging for focal liver lesion (FLL) detection and characterization, by using consensus evaluation and other findings as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS Approval for this retrospective HIPAA-compliant study was(More)
PURPOSE To compare the diagnostic performance of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with that of contrast material-enhanced (CE) MR imaging and to assess the performance of these examinations combined for the characterization of renal lesions, with MR follow-up and histopathologic analysis as the reference standards. MATERIALS AND(More)
PURPOSE To report our initial experience implementing a noncontrast-enhanced electrocardiograph (ECG) gated fast spin echo magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) technique for assessment of the calf arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS Noncontrast MRA images of 36 clinical patients examined over a 6-month period were evaluated by two radiologists for length and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and vascular permeability (K(trans)) permit in vivo assessment of glioma microvasculature. We assessed the associations between rCBV and K(trans) derived from dynamic, susceptibility-weighted, contrast-enhanced (DSC) MR imaging and tumor grade and between rCBV and K(trans). METHODS Seventy-three(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate our preliminary experience using diffusion-weighted MRI for quantification of liver fibrosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Diffusion-weighted MRI with single-shot echo-planar technique at b values of 50, 300, 500, 700, and 1,000 s/mm2 was prospectively performed on 23 patients with chronic hepatitis and on seven(More)
PURPOSE To report our preliminary experience with the use of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI alone and in combination for the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty subjects (16 with noncirrhotic liver, 14 with cirrhosis) were(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively determine hemodynamic changes in the normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) by using dynamic susceptibility contrast material-enhanced perfusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Conventional MR imaging (which included acquisition of pre- and(More)
We describe an adaptive dose escalation scheme for use in cancer phase I clinical trials. The method is fully adaptive, makes use of all the information available at the time of each dose assignment, and directly addresses the ethical need to control the probability of overdosing. It is designed to approach the maximum tolerated dose as fast as possible(More)