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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A technique of segmenting total gray matter (GM) and total white matter (WM) in human brain is now available. We investigated the effects of age and sex on total fractional GM (%GM) and total fractional WM (%WM) volumes by using volumetric MR imaging in healthy adults. METHODS Fifty-four healthy volunteers (22 men, 32 women) aged(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE More than 85% of brain traumas are classified as "mild"; MR imaging findings are minimal if any and do not correspond to clinical symptoms. Our goal, therefore, was to quantify the global decline of the neuronal marker N-acetylaspartate (NAA), as well as gray (GM) and white matter (WM) atrophy after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although mild or moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) is known to cause persistent neurologic sequelae, the underlying structural changes remain elusive. Our purpose was to assess decreases in the volume of brain parenchyma (VBP) in patients with TBI and to determine if clinical parameters are predictors of the extent of atrophy. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sensitivity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of conventional MR imaging in predicting glioma grade are not high. Relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) measurements derived from perfusion MR imaging and metabolite ratios from proton MR spectroscopy are useful in predicting glioma grade. We evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) is a sensitive and quantitative identifier of underlying structural changes in the brain. We quantitatively evaluated age- and sex-related MTR changes in global gray matter (GM) and global white matter (WM) in healthy adults. METHODS Fifty-two healthy volunteers (21 men, 31 women) aged 20-86(More)
Three-dimensional methods for quantifying pulmonary nodule volume at computed tomography (CT) and the effect of imaging variables were studied by using a realistic phantom. Two fixed-threshold methods, a partial-volume method (PVM) and a variable method, were used to calculate volumes of 40 plastic nodules (largest dimension, <5 mm: 20 nodules with solid(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the presence of perfusion abnormalities in the deep gray matter of patients with relapsing-remitting and primary progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) in comparison with healthy controls and to investigate the impact of perfusion impairment on clinical disability and fatigue. DESIGN Survey. SETTING Research-oriented hospital. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Gray matter may be affected by multiple sclerosis (MS), a white matter disease. Magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) is a sensitive and quantitative marker for structural abnormalities, and has been used frequently in the imaging of MS. In this study, we evaluated the amount of MTR of gray matter among patients with relapsing-remitting(More)
PURPOSE Ionizing radiation therapy (RT) is an important component in the management of breast cancer. Although the primary tumor can be successfully treated by surgery and RT, metastatic breast cancer remains a therapeutic challenge. Here we tested the hypothesis that the combination of RT to the primary tumor with CTLA-4 blockade can elicit antitumor(More)
PURPOSE To characterize age-related MR diffusion patterns of the prefrontal brain cortex microstructure using a new method for investigating the non-Gaussian behavior of water diffusion called diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI). MATERIALS AND METHODS Measures of mean diffusivity (MD), fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean kurtosis (MK) were compared in the(More)