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We present the first two identified cases of phosphoserine aminotransferase deficiency. This disorder of serine biosynthesis has been identified in two siblings who showed low concentrations of serine and glycine in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. Clinically, the index patient presented with intractable seizures, acquired microcephaly, hypertonia, and(More)
Elevated plasma homocysteine is considered to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The mechanisms for this effect are not fully understood but there is some evidence for a role for reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study was conducted to explore the effects of elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration on activity of antioxidant(More)
General mitochondrial trifunctional protein (TFP) deficiency leads to a wide clinical spectrum of disease ranging from severe neonatal/infantile cardiomyopathy and early death to mild chronic progressive sensorimotor poly-neuropathy with episodic rhabdomyolysis. Isolated long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCHAD) deficiency resulting from the common(More)
A 15-month-old Pakistani child was admitted to hospital following a prolonged chronic convulsion. He had a depressed level of consciousness but physical examination was otherwise unremarkable. Plasma glucose was 1mmol/L and his urine contained no ketones. His condition improved rapidly with intravenous glucose. His parents are first cousins and his two(More)
The number of known inherited metabolic disorders resulting in an organic aciduria has increased steadily over the past two decades. Prompt and reliable detection is both clinically and technically demanding but is essential if appropriate treatment is to be undertaken. This is the first study of laboratory performance in the detection of these disorders to(More)
Several recent studies have indicated that an increased concentration of plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for the premature development of vascular disease. These important findings emphasize the need for careful selection of an appropriate analytical approach to diagnose and treat individuals who may be at risk. We compared the results(More)
The molecular basis of cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency has been studied in 536 patient alleles with 130 different mutations described. To date, no study has reported on the incidence of any of the reported mutations in patients from the UK and the US. We developed a new antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) PCR/hybridization method to screen for 12(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The discovery of pancreatitis in two children with methylmalonic acidemia led us to review the experience with pancreatitis in a large number of patients with organic acidemias to determine whether pancreatitis is an important complication of these disorders. DESIGN Case series. SETTING Pediatric metabolism services at five tertiary care(More)