James R van Dellen

Learn More
OBJECTIVE Intracranial empyemas are the most common form of intracranial suppuration seen in our unit and, despite modern antibiotic therapy and advanced neurosurgical and imaging facilities, these pus collections remain a formidable challenge, often resulting in significant morbidity and death. We present an analysis of our 15-year experience with this(More)
OBJECT The presence of the apolipoprotein E-epsilon4 (APOE-epsilon4) allele is reported to be associated with poor outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study was performed to determine if the presence of the APOE-epsilon4 allele influenced outcome in a cohort of black patients with TBI who had homogeneous neuropathological findings. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Uncertainty regarding the best surgical management for subdural empyemas (SDEs) continues. Our unit has considered craniotomy the preferred method of surgical drainage for all cranial SDEs since 1988. We performed an analysis of our previously published, computed tomography-era, experience with 699 patients. METHODS Two analyses of the database(More)
OBJECT Apoptosis has increasingly been implicated in the pathobiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI). The present study was undertaken to confirm the presence of apoptosis in the periischemic zone (PIZ) of traumatic cerebral contusions and to determine the role of apoptosis, if any, in neurological outcome. METHODS Brain tissue harvested at Wentworth(More)
OBJECTIVE Brain abscess (BA) is a neurosurgical emergency and despite significant medical advances, it remains a surgical challenge. A single institution's two decade computed tomography era management experience with BA is reported. METHODS A retrospective analysis of patients with BA, admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, Wentworth Hospital,(More)
Hyponatremia has been reported in up to one third of patients with intracranial disease and has frequently been associated with tuberculous meningitis, often complicated by hydrocephalus. The lowered plasma sodium levels were previously attributed to the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone. A controlled prospective study of 24(More)
OBJECTIVE Preliminary studies have suggested that prolonged retraction of the paraspinal muscle during spinal surgery may produce ischemic damage. We report the continuous measurement of intramuscular pressure (IMP) during decompressive lumbar laminectomy and its relationship to subsequent back pain and disability. METHODS Twenty patients undergoing(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe an intraosseous angiolipoma of the cranium and discuss the outcome. Angiolipomas are benign tumors that consist of mature adipose tissue and abnormal vessels. They occur predominantly in the subcutaneous tissue of the trunk and upper limbs. Only 4 examples of intraosseous angiolipomas have been reported in the literature, all of which(More)
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) is thought to be responsible for the transportation of lipids within the brain, maintaining structural integrity of the microtubule within the neurone, and assisting with neural transmission. Possession of the APOE epsilon4 allele has also been shown to influence neuropathological findings in patients who die from traumatic brain(More)