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PURPOSE The efficacy of shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous stone removal for the treatment of symptomatic lower pole renal calculi was determined. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective randomized, multicenter clinical trial was performed comparing shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous stone removal for symptomatic lower pole only renal calculi 30 mm.(More)
The results of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL*) and percutaneous nephrostolithotomy for the treatment of lower pole nephrolithiasis were examined in 32 consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous nephrostolithotomy at the Methodist Hospital of Indiana and through meta-analysis of publications providing adequate stratification of treatment(More)
The results of 471 extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy treatments in 465 patients with solitary ureteral stones managed by several different techniques are reported. In situ treatment was performed in 123 cases without instrumentation and in 47 after placement of a ureteral catheter. Retrograde stone manipulation was performed in 245 cases immediately(More)
The relative roles of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrostolithotomy currently are being debated. Both treatment modalities are applicable to most upper urinary tract calculi. However, there are some important distinctions between the 2 techniques. Over-all, extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy is associated with significantly(More)
The authors retrospectively studied 13,870 singleton full-term consecutive live births at a major teaching hospital and assessed the frequency of brachial plexus injury, clavicular fracture, and facial nerve injury in newborns delivered from January 1974 through December 1977 and from January 1979 through September 1981. Predisposing factors relating to(More)
Hypertension has been reported as a possible sequela of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). To evaluate this issue as well as the risk of hypertension following other current non-ESWL treatment options for urolithiasis (percutaneous nephrostolithotomy [PCNL], combined PCNL and ESWL, ureteroscopy, and spontaneous stone passage), detailed blood(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to establish a nomogram of fetal sacral length throughout gestation and to assess its value in cases of abnormal fetal growth. STUDY DESIGN A prospective cross-sectional study of 506 singleton fetuses with normal growth between 15 and 41 weeks' gestation was performed. Regression analyses were performed on sacral length,(More)
The biological role of installing a critical exocyclic enone into the structure of the alkaloid, (-)-eburnamonine, and characterization of the new chemical reactivity by quantitative NMR without using deuterated solvents are described. This selective modification to a natural product imparts potent anticancer activity as well as bestows chemical reactivity(More)