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BACKGROUND Clozapine, a relatively expensive antipsychotic drug, is widely used to treat patients with refractory schizophrenia. It has a low incidence of extrapyramidal side effects but may cause agranulocytosis. There have been no long-term assessments of its effect on symptoms, social functioning, and the use and cost of health care. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND The mammalian receptor protein tyrosine kinase (RTK), Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK), was first described as the product of the t(2;5) chromosomal translocation found in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. While the mechanism of ALK activation in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has been examined, to date, no in vivo role for this orphan insulin receptor family RTK(More)
Extracellular nucleotides regulate renal ion transport. With the use of in vitro perfusion and [Ca(2+)](i) imaging, this study investigated whether mouse and rabbit cortical collecting ducts (CCD) respond to luminal nucleotides. In mouse CCD, luminal ATP (EC(50): 10 microM) and UTP (EC(50): 9.7 microM) increased [Ca(2+)](i) with an initial peak and a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine a) if a checklist covering a diverse group of intensive care unit protocols and objectives would improve clinician consideration of these domains and b) if improved consideration would change practice patterns. DESIGN Pre- and post observational study. SETTING A 24-bed surgical/burn/trauma intensive care unit in a teaching(More)
Corneal infection with herpes simplex virus-1 in immunocompetent mice induces an immunopathologic response termed herpetic stromal keratitis (HSK). The earliest sign of disease is neutrophil infiltration, which lasts for 48 to 72 h and then disappears. However, a secondary neutrophil infiltration, this time more massive, occurs, beginning 8 to 9 days(More)
1. Using equivalent short circuit current (ISC) measurements we examined the effect of extracellular ATP on transepithelial ion transport in M-1 mouse cortical collecting duct cells. Apical addition of ATP produced a rapid transient peak increase in ISC. This was followed by a fall below basal ISC due to a reduction in the amiloride-sensitive ISC component.(More)
Many different types of cells develop increased adenylyl cyclase activity (sensitization) on prior treatment with drugs such as opiates that acutely inhibit the enzyme. We found that human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 m2 cells, which express the inhibitory m2 muscarinic cholinergic receptor, exhibit a large increase in forskolin-stimulated cAMP synthesis when(More)
This Letter reports results from the MINOS experiment based on its initial exposure to neutrinos from the Fermilab NuMI beam. The rates and energy spectra of charged current nu(mu) interactions are compared in two detectors located along the beam axis at distances of 1 and 735 km. With 1.27 x 10(20) 120 GeV protons incident on the NuMI target, 215 events(More)