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Two studies have examined the effect on energy intake and macronutrient selection of increasing increments of mandatory high-fat or high-sugar snacks into the diet in men. The present study used a within-subject, repeated-measures design. In each experiment, six lean and six overweight, unrestrained men were each studied over three 7 d treatment periods,(More)
OBJECTIVES Examine the association between components of restrained eating, cognitive performance and weight loss maintenance. METHODS 106 women, all members of a commercial slimming organisation for at least 6 months (mean±SD: 15.7±12.4 months), were studied who, having lost 10.1±9.7 kg of their initial weight, were hoping to sustain their weight loss(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma transfusion is increasingly performed without clear consensus on indications. We systematically reviewed the literature to summarize the available evidence regarding the benefits and harms of plasma transfusion in common clinical settings. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS We searched electronic databases from inception through August 2009.(More)
Recent combat experience reignited interest in transfusing whole blood (WB) for patients with life-threatening bleeding. US Army data indicate that WB transfusion is associated with improved or comparable survival compared to resuscitation with blood components. These data complement randomized controlled trials that indicate that platelet (PLT)-containing(More)
BACKGROUND Transfusion-associated hyperkalemic cardiac arrest is a serious complication of rapid red blood cell (RBC) administration. We examined the clinical scenarios and outcomes of patients who developed hyperkalemia and cardiac arrest during rapid RBC transfusion. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the Mayo Clinic Anesthesia Database between(More)
BACKGROUND The rapid reversal of warfarin in the setting of traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been associated with improved outcomes. Until now, remote reversal of hypocoagulable states has not been possible in the prehospital environment. This manuscript describes the development and analysis of a prehospital plasma transfusion protocol to reverse warfarin(More)
An activity-induced increase in energy expenditure theoretically disturbs energy balance (EB) by creating an acute energy deficit. Compensatory responses could influence the weight loss associated with the energy deficit. Individual variability in compensation for perturbations in EB could partly explain why some individuals fail to lose weight with(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise could contribute to weight loss by altering the sensitivity of the appetite regulatory system. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the effects of 12 wk of mandatory exercise on appetite control. DESIGN Fifty-eight overweight and obese men and women [mean (+/-SD) body mass index (in kg/m(2)) = 31.8 +/- 4.5, age = 39.6 +/-(More)
Clinical studies support the use of perioperative fresh frozen plasma (FFP) in patients who are actively bleeding with multiple coagulation factor deficiencies and for the prevention of dilutional coagulopathy in patients with major trauma and/or massive haemorrhage. In these settings, current FFP dosing recommendations may be inadequate. However, a(More)
Remote damage control resuscitation is a recently defined term used to describe techniques and strategies to provide hemostatic resuscitation to injured patients in the prehospital setting. In the civilian setting, unlike the typical military setting, patients who require treatment for hemorrhage come in all ages with all types of comorbidities and have(More)