James R Spotila

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Physiology, environment and life history demands interact to influence marine turtle bioenergetics and activity. However, metabolism and diving behavior of free-swimming marine turtles have not been measured simultaneously. Using doubly labeled water, we obtained the first field metabolic rates (FMRs; 0.20-0.74 W kg(-1)) and water fluxes (16-30% TBW(More)
Temperature-dependent sex-determination (TSD) is a phenomenon that has been characterized at the ecological, morphological, and endocrinological levels in some reptilian species. We have begun to investigate TSD at the level of molecular development by cloning, sequencing, and analyzing the expression of two genes, WT1 and Sox9, in the red-eared slider(More)
Effective transboundary conservation of highly migratory marine animals requires international management cooperation as well as clear scientific information about habitat use by these species. Populations of leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) in the eastern Pacific have declined by >90% during the past two decades, primarily due to unsustainable(More)
Clutches of leatherback turtles, Dermochelys coriacea, have lower hatching success than those of other sea turtles, but causes of high embryonic mortality are unknown. We measured characteristics of clutches along with spatial and temporal changes in PO(2) and temperature during incubation to determine the extent to which they affected the developmental(More)
Nesting populations of leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) in the Atlantic and western Indian Oceans are increasing or stable while those in the Pacific are declining. It has been suggested that leatherbacks in the eastern Pacific may be resource limited due to environmental variability derived from the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), but this(More)
Temperature determines the sex of hatchling green turtles (Chelonia mydas) produced from eggs incubated in a beach hatchery under different temperature regimens. Cola and cool nests (less than 28 degrees C) produced almost no females (0 to 10 percent) and warm, thermostable nests (greater than 29.5 degrees C) produced almost all females (95 to 100 percent).(More)
Recent syntheses indicate that global warming affects diverse biological processes, but also highlight the potential for some species to adapt behaviourally or evolutionarily to rapid climate change. Far less attention has addressed the alternative, that organisms lacking this ability may face extinction, a fate projected to befall one-quarter of global(More)