James R Schwartz

Learn More
BACKGROUND Dandruff is a common scalp condition characterized by flakes, pruritus and sometimes mild erythema. These symptoms reflect underlying histopathologic and biochemical events that must be reversed if treatment is to be effective. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to better characterize the state of the epidermis in dandruff and to determine how a(More)
Application of new molecular and biochemical tools has greatly increased our understanding of the organisms, mechanisms, and treatments of dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Dandruff results from at least three etiologic factors: Malassezia fungi, sebaceous secretions, and individual sensitivity. While Malassezia (formerly P. ovale) has long been a(More)
Zinc pyrithione (ZPT) is an antimicrobial material with widespread use in antidandruff shampoos and antifouling paints. Despite decades of commercial use, there is little understanding of its antimicrobial mechanism of action. We used a combination of genome-wide approaches (yeast deletion mutants and microarrays) and traditional methods (gene constructs(More)
BACKGROUND Scalp seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff (SD/D) are chronic conditions requiring long-term treatment. There is a common belief that patients frequently experience decreasing benefits over time when using a single product. This physiologic accommodation is termed tachyphylaxis. AIM To systematically investigate the anecdotal belief that(More)
This capable small computer can keep track of appointments, record expenses, and crunch numbers for the professional on the move. Now you can access a remote computer system f rom your hotel room or a telephone booth. HP-fL and the HP-75 Portable Computer, by Dennis C. York HP's interface tooplefs the HP-75 control a variety of portable peripherals to store(More)
BACKGROUND Dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis (D/SD) are common and troublesome scalp conditions that affect individuals independent of gender or ethnicity. AIM To evaluate whether population gender or ethnic origins impact the magnitude of anti-dandruff therapeutic benefit obtained from use of a potentiated zinc pyrithione shampoo treatment. METHODS A(More)
Directors of healthcare organizations normally owe fiduciary duties to their shareholders or, in the case of nonprofits, to the charitable mission of the organization. As an organization descends to bankruptcy, however, the board's duties may shift. At some point, the board may be imposed with different and often conflicting obligations to the corporate(More)
Healthcare financial managers are finding that regulatory agencies' customary focus on Medicare and tax-exemption concerns is shifting to other issues directly related to financial management. Regulatory agencies, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission, are scrutinizing not-for-profit and charitable trust law matters. Because of this renewed(More)