James R. Sawusch

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Recent work (Vitevitch & Luce, 1998) investigating the role of phonotactic information in spoken word recognition suggests the operation of two levels of representation, each having distinctly different consequences for processing. The lexical level is marked by competitive effects associated with similarity neighborhood activation, whereas increased(More)
C. T. Best, M. Studdert-Kennedy, S. Manuel, and J. Rubin-Spitz (1989) reported that listeners given speech labels showed categorical-like perception of a series of complex tone analogs to a /la/-/ra/ speech series, whereas nonspeech listeners were unable to classify the stimuli consistently. In 2 experiments, a new training and testing procedure was used(More)
To investigate the extent and locus of integral processing in speech perception, a speeded classification task was utilized with a set of noise-tone analogs of the fricative-vowel syllables (fae), (integral of ae), (fu), and (integral of u). Unlike the stimuli used in previous studies of selective perception of syllables, these stimuli did not contain(More)
Previous research has demonstrated that the number and frequency of lexical neighbors affects the perception of individual sounds within a nonword in a phoneme identification task. In the present research, the issue of what items should be considered part of a word's neighborhood was explored. These experiments, in which both lexical decision and phoneme(More)
Previous research on spoken word recognition has demonstrated that identification of a phonetic segment is affected by the lexical status of the item in which the segment occurs. W. F. Ganong (1980) demonstrated that a category boundary shift occurs when the voiced end of 1 voice-onset time continuum is a word but the voiceless end of another series is a(More)
A series of studies was undertaken to examine how rate normalization in speech perception would be influenced by the similarity, duration, and phonotactics of phonemes that were adjacent or distal from the initial, target phoneme. The duration of the adjacent (following) phoneme always had an effect on perception of the initial target. Neither phonotactics(More)
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is believed to mediate conscious information processing or high-capacity attention. However, previous functional imaging studies have largely relied on tasks that involve motor function as well as attention. The work from our group utilizing an auditory continuous performance task demonstrated increased activity in a(More)
In a series of experiments, we examined how rate normalization in speech perception is influenced by segments that occur after the target. Perception of the syllable-initial target was influenced by the durations of both the adjacent vowel and the segment after the vowel, even when the identity of the talker was changed during the syllable. These results,(More)