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BACKGROUND Lyme disease is a multisystem inflammatory disease caused by infection with the tick-borne spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and is the most common vector-borne infection in the United States. We assessed the efficacy of a recombinant vaccine consisting of outer-surface protein A (OspA) without adjuvant in subjects at risk for Lyme disease. (More)
The pathogenesis, clinical signs and symptoms, laboratory manifestations, and laboratory diagnosis of cryptococcal infection of the central nervous system are reviewed, as well as the interaction between the organism and the immune system of the host. In addition, based on our own experience and that of others, the therapy and prognosis of cryptococcal(More)
BACKGROUND Declining serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D seen in the fall and winter as distance increases from the equator may be a factor in the seasonal increased prevalence of influenza and other viral infections. This study was done to determine if serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations correlated with the incidence of acute viral respiratory(More)
A prospective, observational study of 110 patients with serious infections due to Enterococcus spp. in 6 university and community teaching hospitals in Connecticut was conducted to define the epidemiology of community and nosocomial serious enterococcal infections and to determine risk factors, including antibiotic resistances, that contribute to outcome.(More)
Infantile myofibromatosis is a distinct clinicalpathologic entity occurring primarily in neonates and infants either as a single nodular lesion or as a multicentric form. We have recently studied two cases of this disorder in neonates, and a third involving the father of one of these infants, all documented by biopsy. Evidence in support of an(More)
Fungal prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is a serious complication of valve replacement surgery. We report the first case of documented Pichia ohmeri PVE in an immunocompetent man who was successfully treated with valve replacement and antifungal therapy with amphotericin B.
An inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) capable of detecting 10 ng of aspergillus carbohydrate antigen/ml of serum was developed. When retrospectively applied to the sera of 19 patients with invasive aspergillosis, the ELISA detected antigen in 11 patients. None of 14 healthy controls or 28 patients with a variety of other infections were(More)
Community-acquired Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia developed in a young adult patient with dyskeratosis congenita. His hospitalization ended fatally with disseminated candidiasis. Evaluation during the admission showed evidence of cellular immune dysfunction as indicated by skin test anergy and absent lymphocyte proliferation in an in vitro mixed lymphocyte(More)
Rubber band ligation is a commonly employed office procedure for the eradication of symptomatic internal hemorrhoids. Since 1980 increasingly frequent reports of an often fatal complication--"pelvic cellulitis"--have appeared. Death has been avoided for some of these patients by early recognition and treatment. One such survivor is reported here, in a case(More)
BACKGROUND Propionibacterium acnes infection is a significant problem after shoulder surgery. Residual P. acnes is found on the skin up to 29% of the time immediately after surgical skin preparation and in 70% of dermal biopsy specimens. These residual bacteria may be a source for infection. Identifying more ideal skin preparation may help reduce the risk(More)