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Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) catalyses the hydrolysis of the triacylglycerol component of circulating chylomicrons and very low density lipoproteins, thereby providing non-esterified fatty acids and 2-monoacylglycerol for tissue utilisation. Research carried out over the past two decades have not only established a central role for LPL in the overall lipid(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is a pleiotropic cytokine that modulates the immune function, cell proliferation, apoptosis, macrophage activation, and numerous other cellular responses. These biological actions of IFN-gamma are characterized by both the activation and the inhibition of gene transcription. Unfortunately, in contrast to gene activation, the(More)
1. Introduction acids and 2-monoacylglycerols for tissue utilization [3,4]. Due to the large size of its substrates, the physiological site Atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of heart attacks, of LPL action is at the luminal surface of blood vessels, to stroke and peripheral vascular disease, is responsible for which the enzyme is attached via highly(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that the cytokine transforming growth factor-b (TGF-b) inhibits the development of atherosclerosis. The lipoprotein lipase (LPL) enzyme expressed by macrophages has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by stimulating the uptake of lipoprotein particles. Unfortunately, the action of TGF-b on the expression of(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) plays a central role in lipid metabolism and transport by catalysing the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins. The importance of LPL expressed by the adipose tissue and muscles in the provision of non-esterified fatty acids and 2-monoacylglycerol for tissue utilisation is well established. However, recent studies on LPL(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that the cytokine transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) inhibits the development of atherosclerosis. The lipoprotein lipase (LPL) enzyme expressed by macrophages has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by stimulating the uptake of lipoprotein particles. Unfortunately, the action of TGF-beta on the(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that the cytokine transforming growth factor-b (TGF-b) inhibits the development of atherosclerosis. The lipoprotein lipase (LPL) enzyme expressed by macrophages has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by stimulating the uptake of lipoprotein particles. Unfortunately, the action of TGF-b on the expression of(More)
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