Learn More
A retrospective analysis was done of 120 consecutive patients with life-threatening hemoptysis (greater than 200 ml of discharge per 24 hours) cared for between 1983 and 1990 at our institution. Seventy-nine percent of the patients (95/120) had hemoptysis exceeding 500 ml/24 hr. Inflammatory lung disease was the underlying cause in at least 85% of cases (n(More)
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a rare disease in South Africa. From 1981 to September 1984, 8 sporadic primary cases were reported. An outbreak of CCHF in a large university hospital is described; of 8 patients diagnosed 2 died (the index and a secondary case). Four patients were seriously ill and 2 had a mild illness. Problems were encountered(More)
Organophosphate insecticides may cause serious poisoning either accidentally or by deliberate ingestion. Toxic symptoms are produced by acetylcholine accumulation at cholinergic receptors. Diagnosis is based on history of exposure or ingestion, symptoms and signs of cholinergic overactivity and a decrease in serum pseudocholinesterase levels. Following(More)
The frequent association of asthma and paranasal sinusitis has been ascribed to a nasobronchial reflex, aspiration of sinus secretions, or enhanced beta-adrenergic blockade. We investigated possible pulmonary aspiration in a pilot study (eight patients) and follow-up study (13 patients) by means of a radionuclide technique. In the pilot study, the aim was(More)
Organophosphate poisoning (OPP) was an important reason for admission of patients to the respiratory intensive care unit (ICU) at Tygerberg Hospital, Parowvallei, CP, during the period 1979-1985; a marked increase in the number of cases was evident over the last 2 years. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 61 patients with OPP admitted to the(More)
During the outbreak of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) at Tygerberg Hospital 8 patients were diagnosed positive. CCHF was diagnosed in another patient several months later. The treatment of these 9 cases is outlined. When it became evident that CCHF could present with a spectrum of severity, treatment was adjusted according to each patient's(More)
Ten patients with progressive, symptomatic interstitial lung disease of unknown aetiology who were treated with cyclosporin A were reviewed. Five had clinical and histopathological features of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis and five a progressive restrictive lung disease characterised by interstitial infiltration with lymphocytes and minimal fibrosis,(More)
OBJECTIVE To revise the South African Guideline for the Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in the light of new insights into the disease and the value of new treatment approaches and drugs. New aspects considered include: A growing awareness of the impact of COPD in South Africa, and the urgent need for prevention strategies. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To revise the South African Guideline for the Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) based on emerging research that has informed updated recommendations. KEY POINTS (1) Smoking is the major cause of COPD, but exposure to biomass fuels and tuberculosis are important additional factors. (2) Spirometry is essential for the(More)
OBJECTIVE The GOLD guidelines suggest that the presence of a post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) < 80% of the predicted value in combination with a FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) < 70% confirms the diagnosis of COPD. Limited data exist regarding the accuracy of these criteria to distinguish between COPD and asthma. The aim of(More)