Learn More
A method is derived to calculate the amount by which a subject's gait deviates from an average normal profile, and to represent this deviation as a single number. The method uses principal component analysis to derive a set of 16 independent variables from 16 selected gait variables. The sum of the square of these 16 independent variables is interpreted as(More)
Stance phase stability and swing phase clearance, prerequisites for normal ambulation, often are lost in the gait of children with cerebral palsy. Lengthening of the hamstrings usually will improve stance-phase knee extension but will not greatly alter swing-phase knee flexion. This paper presents the outcome of transfer of the distal end of the rectus(More)
Four homogeneous patterns of gait were defined in forty-six patients who had spastic hemiplegia secondary to cerebral palsy or other neurological disorders by analyzing kinematic data in the sagittal plane and electromyographic data. In Group I (twenty patients) the primary abnormality was a drop foot in the swing phase. The thirteen patients in Group II(More)
Rectus femoris muscle (RF) surgery was performed in 98 children (136 sides) with cerebral palsy (CP). RF transfer was performed in 105 lower limbs, and distal RF release was performed in 31. Eleven (20 sides) similarly affected children had no RF procedure and are included for comparison. Gait analysis was performed just before and approximately 1 year(More)
Rectus femoris transfer was performed in 78 children (105 sides) with cerebral palsy (CP) at the same time as other surgical procedures as appropriate. The transfer was either medial to the sartorius (62 sides), semitendinosus (19 sides), or the gracilis (14 sides) muscles, or laterally to the iliotibial band (10 sides). Gait analysis performed before and 1(More)
Gait analysis is becoming a more integral part of the decision-making process in treatment of children with neuromuscular problems. A normal reference, however, must be available for comparison when one makes decisions. We wished to develop a normal pediatric database for joint kinematics and kinetics which could then be used as a reference for clinical(More)
  • J R Gage
  • 1983
Gait analysis offers objective assessment of complex neuromuscular conditions such as cerebral palsy. With such assessment, more predictable treatment outcomes should be possible with less "staging of surgery." This article presents prerequisites and specifications of the Newington Children's Hospital laboratory. Three cases are presented to demonstrate the(More)
  • J R Gage
  • 1993
Gait analysis has radically changed the treatment of cerebral palsy. Preoperatively, it allows critical assessment of the specific pathologies of the patient. Postoperatively, it provides an accurate assessment of outcome. This assessment of outcome has in turn allowed the accurate critique of surgeries and has made it possible to discard treatments that(More)
The effect of surgical lengthening of the gastrocnemius fascia on ankle joint kinematics and kinetics during gait in patients with cerebral palsy (CP) was evaluated. Twenty independent ambulators (24 sides) were included in this retrospective study. The evaluation included clinical examination, calculation of joint kinematics and kinetics, and collection of(More)
A retrospective study was used to evaluate the outcome of treatment of 135 ambulatory children with cerebral palsy. Diplegic subjects were selected from the existing database at the Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare Motion Analysis Laboratory. All subjects had undergone gait analysis before and after intervention, which included orthopaedic surgery,(More)