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Stance phase stability and swing phase clearance, prerequisites for normal ambulation, often are lost in the gait of children with cerebral palsy. Lengthening of the hamstrings usually will improve stance-phase knee extension but will not greatly alter swing-phase knee flexion. This paper presents the outcome of transfer of the distal end of the rectus(More)
A method is derived to calculate the amount by which a subject's gait deviates from an average normal profile, and to represent this deviation as a single number. The method uses principal component analysis to derive a set of 16 independent variables from 16 selected gait variables. The sum of the square of these 16 independent variables is interpreted as(More)
Rectus femoris transfer was performed in 78 children (105 sides) with cerebral palsy (CP) at the same time as other surgical procedures as appropriate. The transfer was either medial to the sartorius (62 sides), semitendinosus (19 sides), or the gracilis (14 sides) muscles, or laterally to the iliotibial band (10 sides). Gait analysis performed before and 1(More)
Four homogeneous patterns of gait were defined in forty-six patients who had spastic hemiplegia secondary to cerebral palsy or other neurological disorders by analyzing kinematic data in the sagittal plane and electromyographic data. In Group I (twenty patients) the primary abnormality was a drop foot in the swing phase. The thirteen patients in Group II(More)
  • J R Gage
  • 1993
Gait analysis has radically changed the treatment of cerebral palsy. Preoperatively, it allows critical assessment of the specific pathologies of the patient. Postoperatively, it provides an accurate assessment of outcome. This assessment of outcome has in turn allowed the accurate critique of surgeries and has made it possible to discard treatments that(More)
  • J R Gage
  • 1990
The prerequisites for normal gait are: (1) stability in the stance phase of gait, (2) clearance of the foot in the swing phase, (3) proper foot preposition in swing, and (4) an adequate step length. In the stance phase, the knee provides shock absorption and energy conservation; in the swing phase, it allows foot clearance. To accomplish these functions,(More)
Stiff-knee gait is a movement abnormality in which knee flexion during swing phase is significantly diminished. This study investigates the relationships between knee flexion velocity at toe-off, joint moments during swing phase and double support, and improvements in stiff-knee gait following rectus femoris transfer surgery in subjects with cerebral palsy.(More)
The effect of surgical lengthening of the gastrocnemius fascia on ankle joint kinematics and kinetics during gait in patients with cerebral palsy (CP) was evaluated. Twenty independent ambulators (24 sides) were included in this retrospective study. The evaluation included clinical examination, calculation of joint kinematics and kinetics, and collection of(More)
We wished to examine the effects of selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) on the gait patterns of children with cerebral palsy (CP). Nineteen ambulatory children underwent preoperative and 1-year postoperative gait analyses that included clinical assessment of joint range of motion (ROM) and muscle tone, three-dimensional motion analysis, and dynamic(More)
Kinematic data were collected on two groups of children with diagnoses of idiopathic toe-walking and mild spastic diplegia. Although both groups lacked a heel strike at initial contact, two distinct gait patterns were found. The toe-walkers displayed a variable pattern of ankle motion with moderate to severe plantarflexion at stance. The cerebral palsy(More)