James R. Feramisco

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The extracellular signals which regulate the myogenic program are transduced to the nucleus by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). We have investigated the role of two MAPKs, p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), whose activities undergo significant changes during muscle differentiation. p38 is rapidly activated in myocytes induced to(More)
Independent studies indicate that expression of sialylated fucosylated mucins by human carcinomas portends a poor prognosis because of enhanced metastatic spread of tumor cells, that carcinoma metastasis in mice is facilitated by formation of tumor cell complexes with blood platelets, and that metastasis can be attenuated by a background of P-selectin(More)
Cells were microinjected with four mouse monoclonal antibodies that were directed against either alpha- or beta-tubulin subunits, one monoclonal with activity against both subunits, and a guinea pig polyclonal antibody with activity directed against both subunits, to determine the effects on the distribution of cytoplasmic microtubules and 10-nm filaments.(More)
The innate immune response plays a crucial role in satisfactory host resolution of bacterial infection. In response to chemotactic signals, neutrophils are early responding cells that migrate in large numbers to sites of infection. The recent discovery of secreted neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) composed of DNA and histones opened a novel dimension in(More)
A number of signalling pathways stimulate transcription of target genes through nuclear factors whose activities are primarily regulated by phosphorylation. Cyclic AMP regulates the expression of numerous genes, for example, through the protein kinase-A (PKA)-mediated phosphorylation of transcription factor CREB at Ser 133. Although phosphorylation may(More)
To investigate the possible role of ras proteins in the differentiation process signaled by nerve growth factor, we have microinjected the proto-oncogenic and oncogenic (T24) forms of the human H-ras protein into living rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC12). PC12 cells, which have the phenotype of replicating chromaffin-like cells under normal growth(More)
Minimally modified low density lipoprotein (mmLDL) is a pro-inflammatory and pro-atherogenic lipoprotein that, unlike profoundly oxidized LDL (OxLDL), is not recognized by scavenger receptors and thus does not have enhanced uptake by macrophages. However, here we demonstrate that mmLDL (as well as OxLDL) induces actin polymerization and spreading of(More)
We have examined the mechanism by which the transcriptional activity of the cAMP-responsive factor CREB is attenuated following induction with forskolin. Metabolic labeling studies reveal that, after an initial burst of phosphorylation in response to cAMP, CREB is dephosphorylated and transcription of the cAMP-responsive somatostatin gene is correspondingly(More)
Brief, low ionic strength extraction of chicken gizzard at 37 degrees C yields a solution containing a limited number of proteins including alpha-actinin, filamin, actin, desmin, and a 130,000-dalton polypeptide. The proteins are then fractionated by Mg2+- and (NH4)2SO4-induced precipitations and by ion exchange and gel filtration column chromatography to(More)
The Golgi apparatus is a dynamic organelle whose structure is sensitive to vesicular traffic and to cell cycle control. We have examined the potential role for rab1a, a GTPase previously associated with ER to Golgi and intra-Golgi transport, in the formation and maintenance of Golgi structure. Bacterially expressed, recombinant rab1a protein was(More)