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The extracellular signals which regulate the myogenic program are transduced to the nucleus by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). We have investigated the role of two MAPKs, p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), whose activities undergo significant changes during muscle differentiation. p38 is rapidly activated in myocytes induced to(More)
Cells were microinjected with four mouse monoclonal antibodies that were directed against either alpha- or beta-tubulin subunits, one monoclonal with activity against both subunits, and a guinea pig polyclonal antibody with activity directed against both subunits, to determine the effects on the distribution of cytoplasmic microtubules and 10-nm filaments.(More)
Independent studies indicate that expression of sialylated fucosylated mucins by human carcinomas portends a poor prognosis because of enhanced metastatic spread of tumor cells, that carcinoma metastasis in mice is facilitated by formation of tumor cell complexes with blood platelets, and that metastasis can be attenuated by a background of P-selectin(More)
The innate immune response plays a crucial role in satisfactory host resolution of bacterial infection. In response to chemotactic signals, neutrophils are early responding cells that migrate in large numbers to sites of infection. The recent discovery of secreted neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) composed of DNA and histones opened a novel dimension in(More)
Minimally modified low density lipoprotein (mmLDL) is a pro-inflammatory and pro-atherogenic lipoprotein that, unlike profoundly oxidized LDL (OxLDL), is not recognized by scavenger receptors and thus does not have enhanced uptake by macrophages. However, here we demonstrate that mmLDL (as well as OxLDL) induces actin polymerization and spreading of(More)
Expression of the ras oncogene is thought to be one of the contributing events in the initiation of certain types of human cancer. To determine the cellular activities that are directly triggered by ras proteins, the early consequences of microinjection of the human H-ras proteins into quiescent rat embryo fibroblasts were investigated. Within 30 minutes to(More)
We have examined the mechanism by which the transcriptional activity of the cAMP-responsive factor CREB is attenuated following induction with forskolin. Metabolic labeling studies reveal that, after an initial burst of phosphorylation in response to cAMP, CREB is dephosphorylated and transcription of the cAMP-responsive somatostatin gene is correspondingly(More)
Brief, low ionic strength extraction of chicken gizzard at 37 degrees C yields a solution containing a limited number of proteins including alpha-actinin, filamin, actin, desmin, and a 130,000-dalton polypeptide. The proteins are then fractionated by Mg2+- and (NH4)2SO4-induced precipitations and by ion exchange and gel filtration column chromatography to(More)
We have examined the activity and phosphorylation state of the cyclic AMP (cAMP) response element binding factor (CREB) in intact NIH 3T3 cells following microinjection of expression plasmids encoding regulatory proteins of type 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A) serine/threonine-specific protein phosphatases. Changes in CREB phosphorylation in the injected cells were(More)
Microinjection of the purified catalytic subunit of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase) into living rat embryo fibroblasts leads to dramatic changes in vimentin intermediate filament (IF) organization, involving the collapse of the filaments into tight bundles. In some cell types, this rearrangement of the IF proceeds further, leading to an(More)