James R Dyer

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Changing the dietary ratio of the essential fatty acids (EFA), 18:2n6 and 18:3n3, while keeping the amounts of other fatty acids in the diet constant can rapidly and specifically alter the proportions of n6 and n3 22-carbon fatty acids in the brain of the weanling rat. A dietary 18:2n6/18:3n3 ratio of 165 versus 1.8 caused higher n6 and lower n3 22-carbon(More)
This experiment examined the time course over which the amount of dietary essential fatty acids (EFA) affects brain mitochondrial fatty acids. Weanling rats were fed 20% (wt/wt) fat diets that contained either 4 or 15% (wt/wt of diet) EFA for 1, 2, 3 or 6 wk or a 10% EFA diet for 3 or 6 wk. The EFA ratio [18:2(n-6)/18:3(n-3)] of all diets was approximately(More)
The methionine (MET) derivative, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), provides methyl-groups for methylation reactions in many neural processes. In rats made diabetic with streptozotocin (SZ), brain SAM levels were generally lower (10–20%) than in controls, with a constant decrease being observed five weeks after onset of diabetes. This decrease in SAM levels may be(More)
Twenty-two orthodontic patients in the eleven to fifteen-year age-group participated in a one-year fluoride rinsing program. A 0.1 percent SnF2 solution was compared to a MFP solution containing an equivalent amount of fluoride. A laboratory study evaluated the enamel solubility reducing capacities of the two solutions. Enamel solubility reduction by a(More)
 A case of meningitis due to Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii coincident with disseminated Nocardia transvalensis infection is reported. Nocardia infection initially progressed despite high-dose antimicrobial therapy. Although a specific immunologic defect could not be defined, in vitro lymphocyte proliferation in response to stimulation with the(More)
Nutrition counselors in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT) were able to help middle-aged men who were at high risk for coronary heart disease change their dietary habits, maintain those changes over time, and decrease their serum cholesterol levels. Most of a 7.5% mean serum cholesterol reduction achieved after 6 years of nutrition(More)
There are conflicting reports concerning the existence of severe hypermethioninemia in rats made diabetic with the pancreotoxin, streptozotocin. To determine whether this discrepancy is due to experimental differences in the severity of diabetes or the diet fed to the animals, streptozotocin-diabetic and control rats were fed either a casein-based(More)
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