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Transcriptional repression by Mad-Max heterodimers requires interaction of Mad with the corepressors mSin3A/B. Sin3p, the S. cerevisiae homolog of mSin3, functions in the same pathway as Rpd3p, a protein related to two recently identified mammalian histone deacetylases, HDAC1 and HDAC2. Here, we demonstrate that mSin3A and HDAC1/2 are associated in vivo.(More)
The transcriptional repressor, REST, helps restrict neuronal traits to neurons by blocking their expression in nonneuronal cells. To examine the repercussions of REST expression in neurons, we generated a neuronal cell line that expresses REST conditionally. REST expression inhibited differentiation by nerve growth factor, suppressing both sodium current(More)
Acetylation of histone H4 on lysine 16 (H4-K16Ac) is a prevalent and reversible posttranslational chromatin modification in eukaryotes. To characterize the structural and functional role of this mark, we used a native chemical ligation strategy to generate histone H4 that was homogeneously acetylated at K16. The incorporation of this modified histone into(More)
Sodium butyrate in millimolar concentrations causes an accumulation of acetylated histone species in a variety of vertebrate cell lines. In all lines tested, butyrate caused hyperacetylation of H3 and H4, and in rat IRC8 cells, H2A and H2B were also affected. In Friend erythroleukemic cells, butyrate also induces the synthesis of a nonhistone chromosomal(More)
Upon activation of the ERK and p38 MAPK pathways, the MSK1/2-mediated nucleosomal response, including H3 phosphorylation at serine 28 or 10, is coupled with the induction of immediate-early (IE) gene transcription. The outcome of this response, varying with the stimuli and cellular contexts, ranges from neoplastic transformation to neuronal synaptic(More)
t(8;21) is one of the most frequent translocations associated with acute myeloid leukemia. It produces a chimeric protein, acute myeloid leukemia-1 (AML-1)-eight-twenty-one (ETO), that contains the amino-terminal DNA binding domain of the AML-1 transcriptional regulator fused to nearly all of ETO. Here we demonstrate that ETO interacts with the nuclear(More)
Transcriptional repression by nuclear receptors has been correlated to binding of the putative co-repressor, N-CoR. A complex has been identified that contains N-CoR, the Mad presumptive co-repressor mSin3, and the histone deacetylase mRPD3, and which is required for both nuclear receptor- and Mad-dependent repression, but not for repression by(More)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology (Biochem. Cell Biol.) publishes reports of original research in English and French. A full paper reports a completed definitive study. A note reports a completed project of a smaller scope and should not exceed 4 printed pages. Minireviews, up to 5 printed pages total, present a critical perspective on a topic of current(More)
Cigarette smoke (CS) causes sustained lung inflammation, which is an important event in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We have previously reported that IKKα (I kappaB kinase alpha) plays a key role in CS-induced pro-inflammatory gene transcription by chromatin modifications; however, the underlying role of downstream(More)
We have examined a salt-soluble, transcriptionally competent gene-enriched fraction of chicken erythrocyte chromatin and compared it to bulk chromatin using the unique microanalytical capabilities of Electron Spectroscopic Imaging (ESI). The salt-soluble fraction is enriched 48 fold in beta-globin gene sequences and is also enriched in histones that are(More)