James R. Connor

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There is increasing evidence that iron is involved in the mechanisms that underlie many neurodegenerative diseases. Conditions such as neuroferritinopathy and Friedreich ataxia are associated with mutations in genes that encode proteins that are involved in iron metabolism, and as the brain ages, iron accumulates in regions that are affected by Alzheimer's(More)
Iron deficiency in early life is associated with delayed development as assessed by a number of clinical trials using similar global scales of development; this poor development during infancy persists in most cases after iron therapy has corrected iron status. If iron deficiency occurs in preschool and older children, the consequences appear reversible(More)
Iron accumulation in the brain occurs in a number of neurodegenerative diseases. Two new iron transport proteins have been identified that may help elucidate the mechanism of abnormal iron accumulation. The Divalent Metal Transporter 1 (DMT1), is responsible for iron uptake from the gut and transport from endosomes. The Metal Transport Protein 1 (MTP1)(More)
We observed highly aggressively proliferating immortalized (HAPI) cells growing in cultures that had been enriched for microglia. The cells were initially obtained from mixed glial cultures prepared from 3-day-old rat brains. HAPI cells are typically round with few or no processes when cultured in 10% serum containing medium. As the percentage of serum in(More)
Oligodendrocytes are the predominant iron-containing cells in the brain. Iron-containing oligodendrocytes are found near neuronal cell bodies, along blood vessels, and are particularly abundant within white matter tracts. Iron-positive cells in white matter are present from birth and eventually reside in defined patches of cells in the adult. These patches(More)
The perfusion of rat brain with 125I-transferrin resulted in a receptor-mediated uptake of transferrin into the endothelium of the blood-brain barrier followed by its detection in the brain. During a pulse-chase experiment, 125I-transferrin accumulated in the endothelial cells during the pulse, with a decrease of this intraendothelial radioactivity during(More)
The ability of the brain to store a readily bioavailable source of iron is essential for normal neurologic function because both iron deficiency and iron excess in the brain have serious neurologic consequences. The blood-brain barrier presents unique challenges to timely and adequate delivery of iron to the brain. The regional compartmentalization of(More)
The iron transport protein, transferrin, and the iron storage protein ferritin were examined immunohistochemically along with iron in a number of brain regions from normal and aged humans. Two age groups were examined: a middle-aged group (28-49 years), and an older group (60-90 years). Transferrin, ferritin, and iron are found throughout all brain regions(More)
Immunohistochemical and histochemical staining were performed on Alzheimer's diseased brain tissue obtained at autopsy. The iron-regulatory proteins transferrin and ferritin as well as iron are, in general, found predominantly in oligodendrocytes similar to that previously reported for normal brain tissue. However, in the vicinity of senile plaques, the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the in vivo therapeutic efficacy of N-iminoethyl-L-lysine (L-NIL), a selective inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), on the progression of lesions in an experimental osteoarthritis (OA) dog model. The effect of L-NIL on metalloprotease activity, levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and(More)