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Brainstem and forebrain projections to major subdivisions of the rat inferior colliculus were studied by using retrograde and anterograde transport of horseradish peroxidase. Retrograde label from injection into the external cortex of the inferior colliculus appears bilaterally in cells of the inferior colliculus, as well as in other brainstem auditory(More)
The projections of the rat temporal cortex to the amygdala and cerebral cortex were studied using the sensitive anterograde tracer, Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin. These studies revealed that the core of temporal area 1 had no projections to the amygdala but did send efferents to several cortical fields that projected to the amygdala, including temporal(More)
A nonimmune library of 10(9) human antibody scFv fragments has been cloned and expressed on the surface of yeast, and nanomolar-affinity scFvs routinely obtained by magnetic bead screening and flow-cytometric sorting. The yeast library can be amplified 10(10)-fold without measurable loss of clonal diversity, allowing its effectively indefinite expansion.(More)
Audiogenic seizure (AGS) models of developmental or genetic origin manifest characteristic indices of generalized seizures such as clonus or tonus in rodents. Studies of seizure-resistant strains in which AGS is induced by intense sound exposure during postnatal development provide models in which other neural abnormalities are not introduced along with AGS(More)
The cytoarchitecture, myeloarchitecture, and neocortical connectivity of the rat medial geniculate body (MGB) were comprehensively studied in adult and immature rats to define major anatomical divisions and nuclei. The MGB is a highly intricate structure composed of the ventral (MGv), dorsal (MGd), and medial (MGm) divisions and component nuclei, each(More)
Previous work has suggested possible influences of ovarian hormones on evoked potentials in the auditory system. The aim of this project was to study the effects of ovariectomy and subsequent administration of estrogen replacement on the auditory brainstem response and the middle latency response. Groups of 90 day-old Long-Evans hooded rats were(More)
Binaural interactions were recorded in auditory cortical (AI) neurons of anesthetized adult cats that had unilateral atresias created shortly after birth by surgically ligating and cutting one external ear canal. At the time of the recording experiment, the atresia and associated debris were removed and tones were delivered to both tympanic membranes via a(More)
The effects of monaural deprivation by ligation of the external auditory meatus on spherical cells in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus of the rat were examined. Sound deprivation from postnatal days 10, 16, 24, and 36 resulted in a reduction in spherical cell size, with the most dramatic reduction produced by deprivation at 10 and 16 days after birth. The(More)
We developed a novel and game like dual 2-back computerized task, Gatekeeper, which we deployed online with 245 male and female participants ranging in age from 13 to 83 years. Gatekeeper requires participants to remember only 4 items, so does not target memory capacity, but rather measures multitasking ability and interference control in working memory.(More)
To evade host resistance mechanisms, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (STM), a facultative intracellular pathogen, must alter its proteome following macrophage infection. To identify new colonization and virulence factors that mediate STM pathogenesis, we have isolated STM cells from RAW 264.7 macrophages at various time points following infection(More)