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Brainstem and forebrain projections to major subdivisions of the rat inferior colliculus were studied by using retrograde and anterograde transport of horseradish peroxidase. Retrograde label from injection into the external cortex of the inferior colliculus appears bilaterally in cells of the inferior colliculus, as well as in other brainstem auditory(More)
An attempt is made to correlate structure and transport function in the embryonic chorioallantoic membrane. The fine structure of the endoderm and ectoderm in the membrane was examined with particular attention given to the morphological changes that occur when transport is established,in vivo. Two distinctive cells, a granule-rich cell and a(More)
A nonimmune library of 10(9) human antibody scFv fragments has been cloned and expressed on the surface of yeast, and nanomolar-affinity scFvs routinely obtained by magnetic bead screening and flow-cytometric sorting. The yeast library can be amplified 10(10)-fold without measurable loss of clonal diversity, allowing its effectively indefinite expansion.(More)
The projections of the rat temporal cortex to the amygdala and cerebral cortex were studied using the sensitive anterograde tracer, Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin. These studies revealed that the core of temporal area 1 had no projections to the amygdala but did send efferents to several cortical fields that projected to the amygdala, including temporal(More)
Car crashes rank among the leading causes of death in the United States. Acknowledgements We acknowledge the assistance of Founded in 1947, the AAA Foundation in Washington, D.C. is a not-for-profit, publicly supported charitable research and education organization dedicated to saving lives by preventing traffic crashes and reducing injuries when crashes(More)
Previous work has suggested possible influences of ovarian hormones on evoked potentials in the auditory system. The aim of this project was to study the effects of ovariectomy and subsequent administration of estrogen replacement on the auditory brainstem response and the middle latency response. Groups of 90 day-old Long-Evans hooded rats were(More)
Audiogenic seizure (AGS) models of developmental or genetic origin manifest characteristic indices of generalized seizures such as clonus or tonus in rodents. Studies of seizure-resistant strains in which AGS is induced by intense sound exposure during postnatal development provide models in which other neural abnormalities are not introduced along with AGS(More)
The course of development of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) in rat was examined. Pure tone pip stimuli of 3, 8 and 40 kHz at intensities up to 106 dB sound pressure level peak equivalent were presented to anesthetized rats on postnatal days (PND) 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 36, 70 and 96. The peak-to-peak amplitude and the order of appearance of each(More)
The cytoarchitecture, myeloarchitecture, and neocortical connectivity of the rat medial geniculate body (MGB) were comprehensively studied in adult and immature rats to define major anatomical divisions and nuclei. The MGB is a highly intricate structure composed of the ventral (MGv), dorsal (MGd), and medial (MGm) divisions and component nuclei, each(More)
The medial geniculate body (MGB) of the rat was studied with Golgi methods to determine the distribution of neurons identified by dendritic morphology. These findings were compared with major divisions and constituent nuclei established by somatic and fiber architectonics, and by connections with temporal neocortex (Clerici et al.: Society of Neuroscience(More)