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UNLABELLED An (18)F-labeled PET amyloid-beta (Abeta) imaging agent could facilitate the clinical evaluation of late-life cognitive impairment by providing an objective measure for Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology. Here we present the results of a clinical trial with (E)-4-(2-(6-(2-(2-(2-(18)F-fluoroethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)pyridin-3-yl)vinyl)-N-methyl(More)
In all, 19 research subjects, with current histories of frequent cocaine use, were exposed to cocaine-related cues to elicit drug craving. We measured the change of occupancy of dopamine at D2-like receptors with positron emission tomography (PET) and inferred a change of intrasynaptic dopamine (endogenous dopamine release), based on the displacement of(More)
PURPOSE Using the α7-nAChR radiotracer, [(18)F]ASEM, we present the first successful human positron emission tomography (PET) studies. Rodent occupancy with three clinically employed α7-nAChR drugs confirms the specificity of the radiotracer. PROCEDURES Five healthy male subjects were imaged for 90 min following IV [(18)F]ASEM. Two subjects were scanned(More)
BACKGROUND While bariatric surgery has proved highly successful at producing sustained weight loss, variability in treatment response persists. A better understanding of the pathophysiology of appetite and obesity may improve patient selection and management. Research into feeding behavior and satiety has focused on the role of dopamine in reward-based(More)
BACKGROUND Sex differences in addictive disorders have been described. Preclinical studies have implicated the striatal dopamine system in these differences, but human studies have yet to substantiate these findings. METHODS Using positron emission tomography (PET) scans with high-specific-activity [11C] raclopride and a reference tissue approach, we(More)
For the quantitative analysis of ligand-receptor dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) studies, it is often desirable to apply reference tissue methods that eliminate the need for arterial blood sampling. A common technique is to apply a simplified reference tissue model (SRTM). Applications of this method are generally based on an analytical solution(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in abstinent methamphetamine (METH) users have demonstrated reductions in brain dopamine transporter (DAT) binding potential (BP), as well as cognitive and motor deficits, but it is not yet clear whether cognitive deficits and brain DAT reductions fully reverse with sustained abstinence, or whether behavioral deficits in METH users are(More)
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder with childhood onset characterized by motor and phonic tics. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is often concomitant with TS. Dysfunctional tonic and phasic dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) metabolism may play a role in the pathophysiology of TS. We simultaneously measured the density, affinity, and(More)
A drug developed for human use classically goes through a number of steps, including discovery, extensive preclinical studies for safety in experimental animals, and then human safety and efficacy studies. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires successful completion of all the above tasks before approval for therapeutic use in human beings. The(More)
UNLABELLED Identification of safe and valid PET radioligands for metabotropic glutamate receptor, type 5 (mGluR5), is essential to measure changes in brain mGluR5 in neuropsychiatric disorders, to confirm central mGluR5 occupancy of drug candidates, and to guide dose selection for obtaining an optimum therapeutic window. Here we present the results of a(More)