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Dividing cells need to coordinate the separation of chromosomes with the formation of a cleavage plane. There is evidence that microtubule bundles in the interzone region of the anaphase spindle somehow control both the location and the assembly of the cleavage furrow [1-3]. A microtubule motor that concentrates in the interzone, MKLP1, has previously been(More)
Holocentric chromosomes assemble kinetochores along their length instead of at a focused spot. The elongated expanse of an individual holocentric kinetochore and its potential flexibility heighten the risk of stable attachment to microtubules from both poles of the mitotic spindle (merotelic attachment), and hence aberrant segregation of chromosomes. Little(More)
Regulation of microtubule (MT) dynamics is essential for proper spindle assembly and organization. Kinesin-8 family members are plus-end-directed motors that modulate plus-end MT dynamics by acting as MT depolymerases or as MT plus-end capping proteins. In this paper, we show that the human kinesin-8 Kif18B functions during mitosis to control astral MT(More)
Bipolar kinesin-5 motors, essential in diverse organisms, can generate positive sliding forces between overlapped interpolar microtubules to push mitotic spindle poles apart. BMK-1, the sole Caenorhabditis elegans kinesin-5, is not essential. We have determined, by tracking pole movements in bmk-1 mutant C. elegans embryos, that BMK-1 actually resists pole(More)
Running MapReduce programs in the cloud introduces this unique problem: how to optimize resource provisioning to minimize the monetary cost or job finish time for a specific job? We study the whole process of MapReduce processing and build up a cost function that explicitly models the relationship among the time cost, the amount of input data, the available(More)
During cell division, chromosomes attach to spindle microtubules at sites called kinetochores, and force generated at the kinetochore-microtubule interface is the main driver of chromosome movement. Surprisingly, kinetochores are not required for chromosome segregation on acentrosomal spindles in Caenorhabditis elegans oocytes, but the mechanism driving(More)
Increased fatigue is a predictor of morbidity and mortality in older adults. Fatigability defines a change in performance or self-reported fatigue in response to physical activity (PA). However, the relationship of fatigability to PA-related energy expenditure (PAEE) is unknown. Changes in performance, fatigue, and energy expenditure were measured(More)
BACKGROUND The ability of emergency medical services (EMS) providers to offer an alternative means of nonemergent transport for patients with minor medical complaints is a rarely sanctioned concept in U.S. EMS systems. OBJECTIVE To prospectively determine if paramedics using transport guidelines can identify patients with minor medical problems who can be(More)
Genetics The ok391 allele of bmk-1, produced by the C. elegans Gene Knockout Consortium, was outcrossed with N2 eight times to produce strain SS704. DNA sequencing revealed an in-frame internal deletion spanning bases 1129-1744 (205 aa); this region encodes most of the neck-linker and a portion of the adjacent alpha-helical stalk of BMK-1. Starting strains:(More)