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Rat monoclonal antibodies were used to deplete selectively Lyt 2 (cytotoxic) and L3T4 (helper) T cell populations in vivo. These antibodies produced greater than 95% depletion of the respective T cell subset as determined by fluorescent antibody and cytofluorographic analyses. Antibody-treated mice were infected in the ear pinna with herpes simplex virus(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examines the relationship between synovial hypoxia and cellular bioenergetics with synovial inflammation. METHODS Primary rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASF) were cultured with hypoxia, dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) or metabolic intermediates. Mitochondrial respiration, mitochondrial DNA mutations, cell invasion,(More)
Athymic nude (nu/nu) mice were inoculated in the ear pinna with 10(4) p.f.u. herpes simplex virus type 1 (strain SC 16). Initially, the virus was observed to replicate in the pinna, spreading via a neurological route to the dorsal root ganglia, spinal cord, brain and adrenal glands. Following the transfer of lymphoid cells from day 7 herpesvirus-infected(More)
A Ribes-infecting strain of the potexvirus Actinidia virus X (AVX-RV3124) was isolated from black currant plants (Ribes nigrum cv. Baldwin, accession 3124-03D1) showing symptoms of leaf chlorosis and deformity. This is the first description of the complete genome sequence of an isolate of this virus and the first detection of a potexvirus in Ribes. The(More)
When sodium molybdate is added at a final concentration of 20 mM, additional 8S and 4S progesterone (3H-R5020) receptor can be detected in the cytosols from a number of human breast cancers. Additional estrogen receptor also could be measured in some cytosols, and a quantitative temperature-dependent conversion of 8S to 4S binding molecules achieved. Sodium(More)
An adoptive transfer system was used to investigate the H-2 restriction of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) to herpes simplex virus. A successful DTH transfer was achieved when donor and recipient were compatible at the I-A region, with K and D region compatibility unnecessary. However, the rapid clearance of infectious virus from the inoculation site(More)
1. Gliadin from which carbohydrate was removed by treatment with carbohydrase from Aspergillus niger was fed to three coeliac patients in remission. 2. Xylose absorption, mucosal morphology and brush-border enzymes were used to assess the toxicity of the carbohydrase-treated gliadin. 3. Gliadin treated with carbohydrases did not damage the intestinal mucosa(More)